Stephen Guth

and 2 more

For many design applications in offshore engineering, including offshore wind turbine foundations, engineers need accurate statistics for kinematic and dynamic quantities, such as hydrodynamic forces, whose statistics depend on the stochastic sea surface elevation. Nonlinear phenomena in the wave--structure interaction require high-fidelity simulations to be analyzed accurately. However, accurate quantification of statistics requires a massive number of simulations, and the computational cost is prohibitively expensive. To avoid that cost, this study presents a machine learning framework to develop a reliable surrogate model that minimizes the need for computationally expensive numerical simulations, which is implemented for the monopile foundation of an offshore wind turbine. This framework consists of two parts. The first focuses on dimensionality reduction of stochastic irregular wave episodes and the resulting hydrodynamic force time series. The second of the framework focuses on the development of a Gaussian process regression surrogate model which learns a mapping between the wave episode and the force-on-structure. This surrogate uses a Bayesian active learning method that sequentially samples the wave episodes likely to contribute to the accurate prediction of extreme hydrodynamic forces in order to design subsequent CFD numerical simulations. Additionally, the study implements a spectrum transfer technique to combine CFD results from quiescent and extreme waves. The principal advantage of this framework is that the trained surrogate model is orders of magnitude faster to evaluate than the classical modeling methods, while built-in uncertainty quantification capabilities allows for efficient sampling of the parameter using with the CFD tools traditionally employed.