Seina Yagyu

and 7 more

Introduction: Presence of preferential pathway conduction is mostly detected as fractionated presystolic potentials preceding the QRS onset during premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and late potentials during sinus rhythm (SR), but the electrophysiologic mechanisms and significance of these potentials have not been fully clarified. We describe a PVC case series in which the preferential pathway conduction was 3-dimensionaly visualized by coherent mapping with the conduction velocity vector. Methods: Five PVCs (2 from the left coronary cusp, 2 from the commissure of the left and right coronary cusps, and 1 from the pulmonary artery) in 4 patients for which a fractionated presystolic potential during the PVCs and late potential during SR were recorded at the successful ablation site were reviewed, and 3-dimensional coherent activation maps with the conduction velocity vector during the PVCs and SR were reconstructed. Results: At the successful ablation site, an “M”-shaped discrete presystolic-potential and “W”-shaped discrete late-potential were recorded in all patients. The configuration of the flipped electrogram of the presystolic-potential nearly matched that of the electrogram exhibiting the late-potential. We created coherent activation maps annotating the onset of the presystolic potentials during the PVCs, and the offset of the late potentials during SR, which suggested bidirectional conduction of the preferential pathway connecting the PVC origin to the myocardium. Conclusion: In this case series, the M-shaped presystolic potential and W-shaped late potential were reversely matched. These reverse potentials, and the coherent activation vector maps during PVCs and SR suggested bidirectional conduction of the preferential pathway in opposite directions.