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The Emperors of scientific versatility that influenced Clinical Medicine; Dr Golding Bird and Nikola Tesla
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  • Gayathri Delanerolle,
  • Rawan Ebrahim,
  • Will Goodinson,
  • Kathryn Elliot,
  • Ashish Shetty,
  • Peter Phiri
Gayathri Delanerolle
University of Oxford

Corresponding Author:gayathri.delanerolle@psych.ox.ac.uk

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Rawan Ebrahim
University College London
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Will Goodinson
University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
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Kathryn Elliot
Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust
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Ashish Shetty
University College London Faculty of Medical Sciences
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Peter Phiri
Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust
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Physics and Chemistry are fundamental composites of medicine. Concepts and theories from these fields continuously influence modern day medicine, including the development of novel diagnostic methods, pharmacological and surgical interventions and inadvertently, patient care. The use of scientific approaches to improve existing clinical practices is important to understand. This includes the exploration of key innovators that were ahead of their time when inventions were developed to support “the collateral sciences”. Two such innovators are Golding Bird and Nikola Tesla; 2 unique and incredibly versatile scientists. Electrotherapeutics has had a remarkable history. The use of Torpedo Fish (Torpedo mamorata, Malopterurus electricus) to provide analgesia was reported by Scribonius Largus in AD 47 in his monumental work Compositiones Medicae