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Novel Multiple Sclerosis Agents-Associated Cardiotoxicity: A Real-World Pharmacovigilance Study
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  • Zaki Al-yafeai,
  • Alexander Carvajal Gonzalez,
  • Hamzah Abduljabar,
  • Muhammed Arvas,
  • Shaan Patel,
  • Neev Patel
Zaki Al-yafeai
LSU Health Shreveport

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Alexander Carvajal Gonzalez
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Hamzah Abduljabar
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Muhammed Arvas
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Shaan Patel
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Neev Patel
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Background: Emerging novel therapeutics have been developed to hamper the progression of multiple sclerosis. However, the adverse events related to these new agents remain largely unknown. Therefore, we sought to investigate the cardiovascular complications of these drugs. Methods: Utilizing data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Events Reporting System, we comprehensively evaluated the cardiovascular complications of the newly FDA approved anti-multiple sclerosis agents. Disproportionality signal analysis was conducted by measuring reporting odds ratio (ROR) with 95% confidence interval of all the cardiovascular adverse events adverse events since approval till 2021. Results: After vetting the newly approved agents for multiple sclerosis, CD20 and CD25 inhibitors and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors agonists were the latest approved medications for multiple sclerosis since 2015. Two CD20 (ocrelizumab, ofatumumab) and one CD25 inhibitors (daclizumab) were significantly associated with multiple cardiovascular adverse events. Among all the cardiotoxic events; coronary artery disease, cardiac failure and atrial fibrillation were the most predominant among CD20 or CD25 blockers. Interestingly, Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors agonists showed much fewer reported cardiac adverse events. However, fingolimod and siponimod were associated with significant bradycardia. Conclusions: Our data revealed the new agents prescribed for multiple sclerosis have cardiotoxic effects, including not only the known adverse effects observed effects for S1P receptor modulators but also undefined cardiovascular complications associated with CD20 and CD25 inhibitors. These findings potentially instigate further studies to personalize prescribing these agents for multiple sclerosis based on patient’s cardiovascular profile.
Sep 2022Published in International Journal of Cardiology volume 362 on pages 153-157. 10.1016/j.ijcard.2022.05.052