Figure 1

Volkan Sen

and 9 more

Objectives: There is no standardized and up-to-date education model for urology residents in our country. We aimed to describe our National E learning education model for urology residents. Methodology: The ERTP working group; consisting of urologists was established by Society of Urological Surgery to create E-learning model and curriculum at April 2018. Learning objectives were set up in order to determine and standardize the contents of the presentations. In accordance with the Bloom Taxonomy, 834 learning objectives were created for a total of 90 lectures (18 lectures for each PGY year). Totally 90 videos were shoot by specialized instructors and webcasts were prepared. Webcasts were posted at, which is the web library of Society of Urological Surgery. Satisfaction of residents and instructors was evaluated with feedbacks. An assessment of knowledge was measured with multiple-choice exam. Results: A total of 43 centers and 250 urology residents were included in ERTP during the academic year 2018/2019. There were 93/38/43/34/25 urology residents at 1st/2nd/3rd/4th and 5th year of residency, respectively. Majority of the residents (99.1%) completed the ERTP. The overall satisfaction rate of residents and instructors were 4,29 and 4,67(min:1 so bad, max:5 so good). An assessment exam was performed to urology residents at the end of the ERTP and the mean score was calculated as 57.99 points (min:20, max:82). Conclusion: Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, most of the educational programs had to move online platforms. We used this reliable and easily accessible e-learning platform for standardization of training in urology on national basis. We aim to share this model with international residency training programs.

Mutlu Deger

and 7 more

Aim: To evaluate risk factors associated with nocturia in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Materials and Methods: Patients diagnosed with OSAS by polysomnography (PSG) and over eighteen years old evaluated retrospectively between January and December 2019. The number of nocturia episodes was assessed in the 3-day bladder diary. We analyzed age, gender, body mass index (BMI), apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) scores and severity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, heart diseases in all patients. Results: A total of 124 patients with the mean age of 49.9±11.6 years (range 25–81 years) was included in the study. Ninety-two (75.8%) patients had nocturia. The mean nocturia episode of patients with nocturia was 2.41.3. To determine the factors that affect the risk of nocturia, logistic regression analysis was performed. The results revealed that patient age and BMI were found as the most effective risk factors determining nocturia (p<0.05). The odds of patient age were 1.06 (95% CI 1.01-1.11, p=0.010) times higher for patients with nocturia. Every 1 unit increase in BMI increased the risk of nocturia by 1.12. 48 patients with nocturia underwent continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy or surgical treatment. The mean nocturia epi¬sodes of these patients were 2.3±1.4 before treatment and were 1.7±2.2 after treatment. There was a significant decrease in terms of nocturia episodes (p=0.032). Although there was a significant increase in the total daily urine volume after treatment, there was a statistically decrease in total night-time urine volume at night (p=0.016 and p=0.024, respectively). Conclusion Age and BMI were risk factors associated with nocturia in patients with OSAS.