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Liquid biopsy in lung cancer: tertiary prevention potential
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  • fabiana rubba,
  • Umberto Malapelle,
  • Francesco pepe,
  • Ilaria Loperto,
  • Rosanna Egidio,
  • emanuele Paparo,
  • Martina Austoni,
  • Fernanda Rogano da Fonseca,
  • Teresa De Pascale,
  • Maria Triassi,
  • Giancarlo Troncone
fabiana rubba
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Federico II
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Umberto Malapelle
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Francesco pepe
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Ilaria Loperto
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Rosanna Egidio
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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emanuele Paparo
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Martina Austoni
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Fernanda Rogano da Fonseca
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Teresa De Pascale
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Maria Triassi
Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
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Giancarlo Troncone
University of Naples Federico II Department of Public Health
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Abstract

Abstract Aims In the era of personalized therapy liquid biopsy is considered an important diagnostic tool in the clinical management of cancer patients. Tissue specimen represents “gold standard” for molecular evaluation of specific gene targets alterations that lead cancer patients to benefit of a “tailed therapy” based on molecular features of the tumor. This innovative source of nucleic acids was introduced in clinical setting only for NSCLC patients to test Epidermal Grow Factor Receptor (EGFR) mutations when tissue is not available or to monitor acquired resistance mutation after a first line of treatment. The study aimed at assessing the diagnostic potential of liquid biopsy in balanced tertiary screening modeling. Methods From 2014 to 2019 molecular diagnostics activity performed on liquid biopsy specimens in the Predictive Diagnostic laboratory of AOU Federico II were reviewed. Laboratory data were collected in SPSS. Non parametric analysis were performed in order to test the differences between patients WILD TYPE or not. A multivariate logistic model was performed in order to assess the effect of mutation, age and sex, on the tumor progression. The results of the revision concern 515 total cases (almost of all plasma or peripheral blood) allowed to evaluate the liquid biopsies for women and men. The average age of the Patients is 66.3 years, and the 25 percentile is 59 years. Results The cases are 221 basal and 294 by progression after first line TKIs treatment. The cases with mutation, as expected, have an OR 4,15 compared to the basal to have a tumor progression (95% IC: 2,7 - 6,3) regardless of sex and age. The mutations detected were 131 from different types of lung carcinomas.Conclusions Working on case data, specifying the characteristics of the Patients with mutations will drive a further estimate in tertiary prevention screening designs