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Validity and reliability of self-reported and neural measures of listening effort
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  • Yousef Mohammadi,
  • Jan Østergaard,
  • Carina Graversen,
  • Ole kæseler Andersen,
  • José Biurrun Manresa
Yousef Mohammadi
Aalborg University
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Jan Østergaard
Aalborg Universitet
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Carina Graversen
Aalborg University
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Ole kæseler Andersen
Aalborg University
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José Biurrun Manresa
National Scientific and Technical Research Council

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Listening effort can be defined as a measure of cognitive resources used by listeners to perform a listening task. Several methods have been proposed to assess listening effort, but the reliability of these methods has not yet been thoroughly established, which is necessary before using them in research or clinical settings. This study included 32 participants who performed speech-in-noise tasks in two sessions (separated approx. 1 week apart) by listening to Sentences and Word lists presented at different signal-to-noise ratios (-9, -6, -3, and 0 dB). We assessed the test-retest reliability of the self-reported measure of listening effort and frontal midline theta (Fmθ) power, which has been proposed as a neural correlate of listening effort. The reliability of the percentage of correct words was also examined. Relative and absolute reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman analysis, respectively. The standard error of measurement (SEM) and the smallest detectable change (SDC) were also assessed. Overall, the reliability analysis revealed an acceptable between-session variability for the correct words and effort rating. However, Fmθ power showed high variability, which brings into question its use as a reliable correlate of listening effort.
10 Mar 2023Submitted to European Journal of Neuroscience
11 Mar 2023Submission Checks Completed
11 Mar 2023Assigned to Editor
11 Mar 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
23 Mar 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
27 May 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Major
03 Aug 20231st Revision Received
04 Aug 2023Assigned to Editor
04 Aug 2023Submission Checks Completed
04 Aug 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
04 Aug 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
13 Sep 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Major
10 Oct 20232nd Revision Received
17 Oct 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Major
17 Oct 20233rd Revision Received
18 Oct 2023Submission Checks Completed
18 Oct 2023Assigned to Editor
18 Oct 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
23 Oct 2023Editorial Decision: Accept