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State-of-Art Research on CZTS Thin-Film Solar Cell- A Review
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  • Trupti Ranjan Lenka,
  • Rabin Paul,
  • Fazal Ahmed Talukdar,
  • Vishal Goyal,
  • Nour El Islam Boukortt,
  • P. Susthitha Menon
Trupti Ranjan Lenka
National Institute of Technology Silchar

Corresponding Author:trlenka@ieee.org

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Rabin Paul
National Institute of Technology Silchar
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Fazal Ahmed Talukdar
National Institute of Technology Silchar
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Vishal Goyal
GLA University
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Nour El Islam Boukortt
Kuwait College of Science and Technology
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P. Susthitha Menon
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
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CZTS material is seen as a very potential replacement for toxic CIGS, and CIS material as a thin-film solar cell absorber layer. Because of its extraordinary light absorption capacity and generation of electron-hole pairs, CZTS has been implemented as a thin-film solar cell. Research is going on over the last decade on increasing the efficiency of the CZTS solar cell. Different structural and material properties have been experimentally altered to achieve higher efficiency. But even after several attempts the single junction CZTS solar cell has not achieved an efficiency of more than 13%. In this article, a detailed review is done of the developments that have taken place and the future scope of the CZTS thin-film solar cell (TFSC). From its evolution, materials preparation, fabrication process, TFSC design, and defects in CZTS to its implementation as a solar cell are discussed in this manuscript.