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Actual perspective on off-pump transapical artificial chord implantation
  • Andrea Colli
Andrea Colli
University of Pisa
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Abstract

Mitral valve repair (MVR) is undisputedly associated with better clinical and functional outcomes than any other type of valve substitute. Conventional mitral valve surgery in dedicated high-volume centers can assure excellent results in terms of mortality and freedom from mitral regurgitation (MR) recurrence but requires cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and cardioplegic heart arrest. Trying to replicate the percentage of success of surgical MVR is the aim of all new transcatheter mitral dedicated devices. In particular transapical beating-heart mitral valve repair by artificial chordae implantation with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guidance is an expanding field. The safety and feasibility of the procedure have already been largely demonstrated with Neochord and more recently with Harpoon systems. Wang et al. present the outcomes of the first-in-human experience using a novel artificial chordae implantation device, the Mitralstitch system. Despite a quite small cohort of only 10 patients treated, 1-year results are satisfying and comparable to the early experience with former devices (4 patients with moderate or more MR recurrence). The comparison with surgical MVR is still unfavorable and requires further studies and significant procedure improvement. However, the device permits the treatment of anterior and posterior leaflets prolapse and performs quite easily edge-to-edge reparation. It will be interesting to evaluate longer follow-up in larger cohorts of patients as well as the possibility to shift to the transfemoral approach.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

19 Nov 2021Submitted to Journal of Cardiac Surgery
19 Nov 2021Assigned to Editor
19 Nov 2021Submission Checks Completed
19 Nov 2021Editorial Decision: Accept