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Aquifer-wide estimation of longitudinal dispersivity by the combination of empirical equations, inverse solution, and aquifer zoning methods
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  • Mohammad Mahdi Ansarifar,
  • Meysam Salarijazi,
  • Khalil Ghorbani,
  • Abdol-Reza Kaboli
Mohammad Mahdi Ansarifar
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
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Meysam Salarijazi
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
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Khalil Ghorbani
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
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Abdol-Reza Kaboli
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
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Abstract

Longitudinal dispersivity is a key parameter for numerical simulation of groundwater quality and this parameter is highly variable in nature. The use of empirical equations and the inverse solution are two main methods of estimating longitudinal dispersivity. In this study, the estimation of values and aquifer-wide spatial distribution of longitudinal dispersivity parameter using a combined approach i.e. a combination of empirical equation method (Pickens and Grisak, Arya, Neuman, and Xu & Eckstein equations), the inverse solution method (using the MT3DMS model with non-automatic calibration) and the aquifer zoning technique is investigated. The combined approach applied to Bandar-e-Gaz aquifer in northern Iran, and Willmott’s index of agreement was used to assess the precision of simulation of total dissolved solids in this aquifer. The values of this criterion were 0.9985 to 0.9999 and 0.9756 to 0.9992 in calibration and validation periods that show the developed combined approach resulted in obtaining high precision for both calibration and validation periods and the simulation show remarkable consistency. Also, the one-way sensitivity analysis indicates that the longitudinal dispersivity is more sensitive than the effective porosity in this simulation. The investigation of the spatial distribution of the estimated longitudinal dispersivity by the combined approach indicates that the value of the parameter has a decreasing trend from the south to the north (50 to 8 m) in the aquifer environment which is consistent with the changes in the characteristics of porous media in this study area, and therefore it concludes that the combined approach provides a reliable and appropriate estimation of the spatial distribution of longitudinal dispersivity.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

26 Jul 2021Submitted to Hydrological Processes
28 Jul 2021Assigned to Editor
28 Jul 2021Submission Checks Completed
28 Jul 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned