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Defining the Bounds of Chemical Coupling Between Covalent and Hydrogen-bonds in Small Water Clusters
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  • Zi Li,
  • Yong Yang,
  • Xing Nie,
  • Tianlv Xu,
  • Steven Kirk,
  • Samantha Jenkins
Zi Li
Hunan Normal University
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Yong Yang
Hunan Normal University
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Xing Nie
Hunan Normal University
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Tianlv Xu
Hunan Normal University
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Steven Kirk
Hunan Normal University
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Samantha Jenkins
Hunan Normal University
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Abstract

We seek to determine the two-way transfer of chemical character due to the coupling occurring between hydrogen-bonds and covalent-bonds known to account for the unusual strength of hydrogen-bonds in water. We have provided a vector-based quantification of the chemical character of uncoupled hydrogen-bonds and covalent-bonds and then determined the effects of two-way coupling consistent with the total local energy density H(rb) < 0 for hydrogen-bonds. We have calculated the precessions Kʹ of the eigenvectors around the bond-path for the Ehrenfest Force F(r) and compared with the corresponding QTAIM Kʹ. In doing so we explain why the Ehrenfest Force F(r) provides insights into the coupling between the hydrogen and covalent bonds whilst QTAIM cannot. Conditions for favorable transfer of electron momentum from the hydrogen atom of a sigma bond to the hydrogen-bond are found, with excellent agreement with the hydrogen-bond BCP and covalent-bond BCP separations providing the theoretical bounds for coupling.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

25 Jun 2021Submitted to International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
26 Jun 2021Assigned to Editor
26 Jun 2021Submission Checks Completed
14 Jul 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned