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Detection and genetic characteristic of porcine bocavirus in central China
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  • Lan-Lan Zheng,
  • Jian-Tao Cui,
  • Han Qiao,
  • Xin-Sheng Li,
  • Xiaokang Li,
  • Hongying Chen
Lan-Lan Zheng

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Jian-Tao Cui
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Xin-Sheng Li
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Xiaokang Li
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Hongying Chen
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To investigate the epidemic profile and genetic diversity of porcine bocavirus (PBoV), 281 clinical samples including 236 intestinal tissue samples and 45 fecal samples were collected from diarrheal piglets in 37 different pig farms of central China, and two SYBR Green I-based quantitative PCR assays were developed to detect PBoV1/2 and PBoV3/4/5 respectively. The results showed the detection limits of two assays were 1.66 × 101 genome copies/μl of PBoV1/2 and 3.3 × 101 copies/µL of PBoV 3/4/5. 148 (52.67%) of the 281 clinical samples were positive for PBoV1/2, 117 (41.63%) were positive for PBoV3/4/5, 55 (19.57%) were positive for both PBoV1/2 and PBoV3/4/5, and 86.49% (32/37) of the pig farms were positive for PBoV. Subsequently, complete genomic sequences of two PBoV strains (designated CH/HNZM and PBoV-TY) from two different farms were sequenced. The phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the two PBoV strains obtained in this study belonged to the PBoV2 group and had a close relationship with other 12 PBoV2 strains, but differed genetically from PBoV1, PBoV3/4/5 and 7 other bocaviruses. CH/HNZM and PBoV-TY were closely related to the PBoV strain GD18 (KJ755666) which may be derived from PBoV strains 0912/2012 (MH558677) and 57AT-HU (KF206160) through the recombination analysis. Compared with reference strain ZJD (HM053694)-China, a higher amino acid variation was found in the NS1 protein of CH/HNZM and PBoV-TY. These results extend our understanding of the molecular epidemiology and evolution of PBoV.
04 Jan 2021Published in Archives of Virology. 10.1007/s00705-020-04879-x