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World Protected Areas Management, Wildlife Migration and COVID-19 Outbreak: Developing a World Health Care Approach
  • Saba Kalantary,
  • Ali Jahani,
  • Reza Jahani
Saba Kalantary
Tehran University of Medical Sciences

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Ali Jahani
College of Environment
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Reza Jahani
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
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Emerging or re-emerging zoonotic diseases are the main issue in global health and affect the well-being of nations. COVVID-19 originated from a wet market where wild animals are sold and rapidly outbreak across worldwide. Analysis outlined bats are key host, so COVID-19 is a zoonotic disease and crossed from animals into humans. Wildlife migration among world protected areas and disease transmission has caused an increased risk of emerging or re-emerging of zoonotic diseases such as COVID-19. Transboundary animal diseases (TDAs) make the health approach more crucial as these diseases cause many problems. Hence, the prevention and control of zoonotic diseases are critical. In this paper, we addressed world protect areas management, wildlife migration, and preventive and control measures aspects on zoonotic diseases such as COVID-19 that have already been globally recommended. South American and African countries due to higher coverage of protected areas in human development regions; and Asian and South American countries due to lack of protected area management assessment are more prone to transmit COVID-19 by wildlife migrations. World Health Organization should pay attention to the determined countries for more practical health care plans in protected area communities and settlement especially in facing with wildlife species.