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Atmospheric responses to Arctic sea ice loss in a high-top atmospheric general circulation model
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  • Yu-Chiao Liang,
  • Young-Oh Kwon,
  • Claude Frankignoul,
  • Gokhan Danabasoglu,
  • Stephen Yeager
Yu-Chiao Liang
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Corresponding Author:littleyuchiao@gmail.com

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Young-Oh Kwon
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
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Claude Frankignoul
Sorbonnes Universit├ęs LOCEAN
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Gokhan Danabasoglu
National Center for Atmospheric Research
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Stephen Yeager
NCAR, Oceanography
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Abstract

Rapid Arctic warming and sea ice decline in recent decades might have profound impacts on midlatitude weather and climate. This study uses a high-top atmospheric general circulation model - Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model version 6 (WACCM6) - to investigate the atmospheric responses to the Arctic sea ice reduction, including impacts on mid-latitude blocking and cyclones. The high-top configuration (top layer at about 100 km or 0.001 hPa) together with the finer vertical resolution (70 layers) in WACCM6 allow more realistic representation of stratosphere-troposphere interactions. The sea ice impact during 1979-2015 is obtained by comparing ensemble simulations forced by daily observational sea ice concentration (SIC) and sea surface temperature (SST) to simulations where the time-varying SIC is replaced by a daily SIC climatology. A series of SIC-SST adjustments are performed to minimize unrealistic SIC and SST forcings used in the simulations. Each ensemble consists of 30 members with slightly different atmospheric initial conditions in order to separate forced atmospheric responses from internal model spread.