Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause various complications. Pneumothorax secondary to COVID-19 is relatively uncommon and bilateral pneumothorax is even more so. In patients with poor general health to undergo surgery for pneumothorax, internal treatments are essential to relieving refractory pneumothorax.
Intussusception is a surgical emergency. If not immediately treated, it can lead to bowel wall perforation. In 2.2-15% of cases, they have pathologic lead points such as Intestinal duplication. This case report presents a rare tubular ileal duplication as a necrotic Ileoileal intussusception in a 4-year-old girl.
Laryngeal venous malformations rarely but do cause airway obstruction resulting in life-threatening events. The perioperative airway management for the patients with them have not been well established. We suggest a strategy for laryngeal venous malformations management in the patients who undergo surgery in addition to planning for airway management.
We report two cases of previously healthy young men with COVID-19 infection who developed acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion followed by secondary events concerning for a further thromboembolic event. We hypothesize that the hypercoagulable state related to COVID-19 exacerbated the underlying hereditary thrombophilia due to MTHFR-gene mutation.
The case is a 67-year-old female with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who was followed up regularly. CT scan showed a mural nodule growing over the past 4 years inside the hypodense region surrounded by hepatic cysts. Surgery was performed and the pathological diagnosis was StageⅠ gallbladder cancer.
Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Pantoea are emerging bacterial causes of diverse sporadic and outbreak-linked infections. Chronic Pantoea abscesses are unusual and may give rise to a differential diagnosis of malignancy. Foreign body retention and host immune defects may be risk factors for such chronic infections.
Thoracic SMARCA4-deficient undifferentiated tumors are rare, with poor prognosis. A 73-year-old man presented to our hospital with dyspnea. Computed tomography-guided biopsy revealed a SMARCA4-deficient undifferentiated tumor. The patient was treated with combination ipilimumab-nivolumab. The tumor reduced in size after two courses.
Harlequin Ichthyosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder occurring in 1: 3,000,000 birth characterized by thick keratin skin with scaly appearance. Preterm deliveries, early marriage and consanguinity of marriage are some risk factors. Antenatal checkup of DNA for ABCA12 mutation helps in diagnosis but USG in places where not available.
Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted nematode that is estimated to infect millions of people yearly worldwide. However, cases are less commonly seen in the United States. This report highlights the importance of when to include Strongyloides stercoralis in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting eosinophilia within the United States.
Severe traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, resulting in a significant individual and socioeconomic burden. We present two cases of severe traumatic brain injury with surprisingly encouraging outcomes. We attribute this to the additional combined administration of citicoline and cerebrolysin.
Coronavirus disease is a viral infection affecting different organs with various morbidities and mortality. Vaccines are used to control the disease. COVID-19 vaccines have brought many benefits but their adverse effects should not be ignored. Here, we report a case of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Following Sinopharm COVID-19 Vaccine.
Rupture of ovarian dermoid-cyst is rare case. We report the case of a woman admitted for acute post-traumatic abdominal pain due to ruptured ovarian cyst. The patient was operated and we found a very abundant peritoneal effusion with left ovarian cyst which was broken. we performed a left adnexectomy.
Previous reports of clinical course of Angelman syndrome (AS) described typical histories of choking, dysphagia, and severe pneumonia, but there were few bedridden cases or none requiring laryngotracheal separation surgery (LTS) were existed. We report a severe bedridden case of AS requiring LTS involving a 19.3 Mb deletion on 15q11.2–q14.
Infraocclusion of a primary molar is a relatively common occurrence which seldom leads to serious complications, particularly when the succedaneous permanent tooth is present. Despite the relative infrequency of unfavourable outcomes, an infraoccluded primary molar may be associated with other dental anomalies, including hypodontia.
Pena-Shokeir Syndrome is considered to be a fatal congenital condition that is rarely diagnosed in neonates. We present the first ever reported case of Pena-Shokeir Syndrome from Syria. Both clinical assessment and early prenatal diagnosis are necessary to give more realistic options for the mother and the baby.
A 55-year old Albanian female, under treatment for intestinal diverticulosis, noted an increase in painful sensations in the lower abdomen, as well as an unexpected sense of suffocation. 20 centimeters from the anal margin a bleeding diverticulum approaching two centimeters in diameter was noted, and a surgical intervention was decided.