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The “groundwater benefit zone”, proposals, contributions and new scientific issues
  • Ying Zhao
Ying Zhao
University of Saskatchewan

Corresponding Author:yzhaosoils@gmail.com

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The groundwater has great potential for water resource utilization, accounting for about a quarter of vegetation transpiration globally and contributing up to 84% in shallow groundwater areas. However, in irrigated agricultural regions or coastal areas with shallow groundwater levels, due to the high groundwater salinity, the contribution of groundwater to transpiration is small and even harmful. This paper proposes a new conception of groundwater benefit zone in the groundwater-soil-plant-atmosphere continuum (GSPAC) system. First, it analyzes the mutual feedback processes of the groundwater hydrological process and farmland ecosystem. Secondly, it elaborates on the regional water and salt movement model, proposed vital technologies based on the optimal regulation of the groundwater benefit zone, and is committed to building a synergy that considers soil salt control and groundwater yield subsidies. Finally, based on the GSPAC system water-salt coupling transport mechanism, quantitative model of groundwater benefit zone, and technical parameters of regional water-salt regulation and control, the scientific problems and development opportunities related to the conception of groundwater benefit zone have been prospected.