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The Role of Convection in Tropical Ozone Trends (1998-2018) Based on SHADOZ Profiles
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  • Anne M. Thompson,
  • Ryan Michael Stauffer,
  • Jacquelyn Cecile Witte,
  • Debra E Kollonige,
  • Jerald R. Ziemke,
  • Krzysztof Wargan
Anne M. Thompson

Corresponding Author:amt16@psu.edu

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Ryan Michael Stauffer
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
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Jacquelyn Cecile Witte
National Center for Atmospheric Research
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Debra E Kollonige
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Jerald R. Ziemke
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
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Krzysztof Wargan
SSAI at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
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Quantifying variability in the lowermost stratosphere (LMS) is important because of feedbacks among changing temperature, dynamics and species like ozone. We used reprocessed Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes data from 1998-2018 in a Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) model to analyze variability and trends in free tropospheric (FT) and LMS ozoneacross five well-distributed tropical regions. The MLR also computed trends in a proxy for convection as determined from laminae in each ozonesonde-radiosonde pair. Only the equatorial Americas exhibits statistically significant annual trends in FT or LMS ozone. At the other sites, ozonetrends occur in isolated layers during months when convection has changed, February-April or July-November. Our results imply that large FT ozone increases reported for populated tropical areas may be caused by growing pollution overlying smaller changes caused by perturbed dynamics. They also provide regional data for evaluating LMS ozonetrends based on zonal averages of often sparse satellite measurements