What is this

  • This is a product of Clay Figure Zhang.
  • It is a "facebook" from Peking opera.
  • This is the "facebook" of Lord Guan.

Clay Figure Zhang

Clay Figure Zhang (simplified Chinese: 泥人张; traditional Chinese: 泥人張) is a famous folk art in Tianjin. It was initiated by Zhang Mingshan (1826-1906), a folk artist of Tianjin, during Daoguang period (1821-1851) in Qing Dynasty. Up until now, Clay Figure Zhang has four generations and nearly 180 years of history.


Peking opera

Peking opera or Beijing opera (Chinese: 京剧; pinyin: Jīngjù) is a form of traditional Chinese theatre which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance, and acrobatics. It arose in the late 18th century and became fully developed and recognized by the mid-19th century. The form was extremely popular in the Qing dynasty court and has come to be regarded as one of the cultural treasures of China. Major performance troupes are based in Beijing and Tianjin in the north, and Shanghai in the south. The art form is also preserved in Taiwan, where it is known as Guoju (國劇; "National theatre"). It has also spread to other countries such as the United States and Japan.


Facebook (臉譜)





The "facebook" is some painted pattern on the face of actors in Chinese opera (especially Peking Opera). These patterns are determined by some specifications. The facebooks symbolize the characters by different colors and lines.

Lord Guan

Guan Yu (died 220),courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty. He played a significant role in the civil war that led to the collapse of the dynasty and the establishment of the state of Shu Han – founded by Liu Bei – in the Three Kingdoms period.

As one of the best known Chinese historical figures throughout East Asia, Guan's true life stories have largely given way to fictionalised ones, most of which are found in the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms or passed down the generations, in which his deeds and moral qualities have been lionised. Guan is respected as an epitome of loyalty and righteousness.

Guan Yu was deified as early as the Sui dynasty and is still worshipped by many Chinese people today, especially in southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and among many overseas Chinese communities. He is a figure in Chinese folk religion, popular Confucianism, Taoism, and Chinese Buddhism, and small shrines to Guan are almost ubiquitous in traditional Chinese shops and restaurants. He is often reverently called Guan Gong (Lord Guan) and Guan Di (Emperor Guan). His hometown Yuncheng has also named its airport after him.


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