Yabin Deng

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As biological wide-field visual neurons in locusts, lobula giant motion detectors (LGMDs) can effectively predict collisions and trigger avoidance before the collision occurs. This capability has extensive potential applications in the field of autonomous driving, unmanned aerial vehicles, and more. Currently, describing the LGMD characteristics is divided into two viewpoints, one emphasizing the presynaptic visual pathway and the other emphasizing the postsynaptic LGMDs neuron. Indeed, both have their research support leading to the emergence of two computational models, but both lack a biophysical description of the behavior in the individual LGMD neuron. This paper aims to mimic and explain LGMD's individual behavior based on fractional spiking neurons and construct a biomimetic visual model for the LGMD compatible with these two characteristics. Methods: We implement the visual model in the form of spikes by choosing an event camera rather than a conventional CMOS camera to simulate the photoreceptors and follow the topology of the ON/OFF visual pathway, enabling it to incorporate the lateral inhibition to mimic the LGMD's system from the bottom up. Second, most computational models of motion perception use only the dendrites within the LGMD neurons as the ideal pathway for linear summation, ignoring dendritic effects inducing neuronal properties. Thus, we introduced fractional spiking neuron (FSN) circuits into the model by altering dendritic morphological parameters to simulate multiscale spike frequency adaptation (SFA) observed in LGMDs. In addition, we have attempted to add one more circuit of dendritic trees into fractional spiking neurons to be compatible with the postsynaptic FFI in LGMDs and provide a novel explanatory approach and a predictive model for studying LGMD neurons. Results: Finally, we test that the event-driven biomimetic visual model can achieve collision detection and looming selection in different complex scenes, especially fast-moving objects.