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Primary hyperparathyroidism in horses: What can we learn from human medicine?
  • Philip Johnson,
  • Kile Townsend
Philip Johnson
University of Missouri

Corresponding Author:johnsonpj@missouri.edu

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Kile Townsend
University of Missouri
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Equine primary hyperparathyroidism is rare compared with the condition in human medicine where it is often encountered and represents the most common explanation for hypercalcemia in the outpatient setting. Primary hyperparathyroidism results from a hyperfunctioning parathyroid gland and surgical treatment (parathyroidectomy) is typically curative. Successful surgical removal of a diseased parathyroid gland can be challenging in horses as both normal and hyperfunctioning glands are difficult to localize. Identification of surgical targets using ultrasonography and/or Technetium-99m sestimibi scintigraphy are useful for this purpose in both the human and equine contexts. However, these localization approaches are not aways effective. Moreover, not all patients are candidates for general anesthesia and surgery and the costs associated with diagnostic localization and parathyroidectomy may be prohibitive for some owners. This commentary presents information about primary hyperparathyroidism in the event that it is not treated and strives to review aspects of the disease when left untreated from the human medical context.
15 Dec 2022Submitted to Equine Veterinary Education
16 Dec 2022Assigned to Editor
16 Dec 2022Submission Checks Completed
16 Dec 2022Editorial Decision: Accept