Chi-Jou Chuang

and 9 more

Objective No study ever investigated the long-term risk of stroke in women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. The purpose of this study is to explore long-term stroke risks, differentiating subtypes and their time trends. Design Nationwide population-based cohort study Methods Between 2000 and 2017, 1,384,427 pregnant women were registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. After excluding women with previous stroke history and exact matching with all confounders, 6,053 women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and 24,212 controls were recruited. Main Outcome Measures Hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes after child-birth Results Over the 17-year follow-up, the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for stroke in women with a history of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia was 2.05 (95% confidence interval, CI = 1.67-2.52, p<0.001). The 17 years overall risks of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke were 1.98 and 3.45, respectively (p<0.001). The stroke subtypes, hemorrhagic and ischemic, had different time trend risks, and hemorrhagic stroke risks kept higher than that of ischemic stroke. The ischemic stroke risk peaked during 1-3 years after childbirth (aHR=3.09). The hemorrhagic stroke risk peaked during 3-5 years (aHR=7.49). Conclusions Stroke risk persisted even after decades, for both ischemic and hemorrhagic subtypes. Women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia history should be aware of the long-term risk of stroke. Tweetable abstract Both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke risks persisted high even after decades, while their time trend risks were different. Keywords: pre-eclampsia/eclampsia; ischemic stroke; hemorrhagic stroke