Reactor corrosion and salt deposition problems severely restrict the industrialization of supercritical water oxidation. Transpiring wall reactor can effectively weaken these two problems through a protective water film formed on its internal surface. In this work, the effects of key structural parameters on water film properties of transpiring wall reactor were explored by numerical simulation, and established models were validated by comparing simulation and experimental values. The results show that transpiration water layer, transpiring wall porosity and inner diameter hardly affected organic matter degradation. Increasing transpiration water layer and transpiring wall porosity reduced reactor center temperatures in the middle and lower zones of the reactor. Increasing transpiration water layer, transpiring wall porosity and inner diameter decreased water film temperatures but increased water film coverage rates. Increasing reactor length affected slightly on the volume of the upper supercritical oxidation zone but enlarged the subcritical zone.