Pancreatoblastoma (PBL) is a rare malignant epithelial neoplasm affecting typically young children. Signs related to advanced upper-abdominal tumor accompanied by elevated serum α-fetoprotein levels in a young child suggest PBL, however histopathological examination is required for diagnosis. The mainstay of treatment is a complete surgical resection. Inoperable and/or metastatic PBL may become amenable to complete, delayed surgery after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. This manuscript presents the internationally consensus recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of children with PBL, established by the European Cooperative Study Group for Pediatric Rare Tumors (EXPeRT) within the EU-funded PARTNER (Paediatric Rare Tumors Network – European Registry) project.