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Risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomes depend on smoking status, a study from a developing country
  • Shereen Hamadneh,
  • Jehan Hamadneh
Shereen Hamadneh
Al al-Bayt University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Jehan Hamadneh
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Background: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for smoking and negative perinatal outcomes among Jordanian women about smoking status. Methods: A case-control study was conducted among singleton full-term pregnant women who gave birth at the main hospital in Jordan in June 2020. They were divided into three groups according to their smoking status (active, passive and non-smokers) and were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire, including demographic information, current pregnancy history, perinatal and neonatal outcomes. The study investigated the effect of smoking status on both independent and dependent variables. Results: Our study revealed that low-level maternal education (OR=25.38), unemployed maternal status (OR=2.67), the absence of following up during pregnancy (OR=5.8), smoking husband were risk factors for smoke exposure among pregnant women. The risk for cesarean section was increased in nulliparous smoking women (OR=9.0), those with low family monthly income (OR=7.8), and those who did not get any information about the hazard effect of smoking (OR=4.38), as well as in unemployed passive smoking women (OR=6.25). Parity of more than one has raised the risk of NICU admission inactive smoking women (OR=10.38). This risk was also increased in active and passive women with a lower level of education (OR=186.33 and OR=17.5), respectively, as well as inactive smoking women with low family monthly income (OR=4.11). Conclusions: Appropriate preventive strategies should focus on modifiable risk factors for smoking during pregnancy.
25 Jul 2021Submitted to International Journal of Clinical Practice
26 Jul 2021Assigned to Editor
26 Jul 2021Submission Checks Completed
01 Sep 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
07 Oct 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
27 Oct 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major