How to write a scientific paper?


The abstract should be a little less technical than the article itself; you don’t want to dissuade your potential audience from reading your paper. The abstract should be one paragraph, of 100-250 words, which summarizes the purpose, methods, results and conclusions of the paper. Don’t use abbreviations or citations in the abstract. It should be able to stand alone without any footnotes.

  • Contextualization

  • Gap – Altough…, However…, But…

  • Purpose – This paper propose …, Here we…

  • Methodology – …. results in ….

  • Results – We suggest that …, The results point to the development of …, These findings provide …

  • Conclusions – We suggest that the…, With this new solution…, This fundamental knowledge may also…


  • Contextualization – Present the research field and show the importance of the main area. Make terms and processes familiar. Evidencing recent research and findings. Recently there have been significant advances in …

  • State the gap – Open Questions. Restrictions and limitations. Nevertheless, key challenges must be addressed in order to find …., Traditional localization techniques are not well suited for these requirements, … is cost and energy prohibitigve …, for many applications it is not sufficiently robust, … it is limited to …, One common drawback of the …, The … problem has been an open problem of intrest since 1995 …

  • Show the state of the art – Recently they have been significant advances in ….

  • State the purpose of the paper – Here, we report as new …, In this paper we describe …


A good way to start the writing of this section is to prepare a flowchart explaining the model/method you used in your research.

Results and discussions

  • Prove initial question and hypotesis

  • Background - Importance 1 senetence

  • Describe the outcomes of your research (Fig. Tab. etc.)

  • Interpretation

  • Comparison and validation

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  • To state the importance of the paper to the development of the field.

  • State main findings

  • Interpretation of the main findings

  • Contribution to the development of the field