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Pneumothorax leading to pneumopericardium after transvenous lead implantation in a patient with a previous epicardial lead
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  • Raghav Bansal,
  • Ankit Mahajan,
  • Chetan Rathi,
  • Yash Lokhandawala
Raghav Bansal
All India Institute of Medical Sciences

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Ankit Mahajan
Holy Family Hospital
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Chetan Rathi
Holy Family Hospital
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Yash Lokhandawala
Arrhythmia Associates
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A 44-year-old lady, a follow up case of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) device implantation with epicardial left ventricular (LV) lead, underwent a transvenous LV lead revision in view of epicardial lead malfunction. A chest X-ray after this, done for worsening dyspnoea, revealed pneumopericardium along with left pneumothorax. The CT revealed a communication between the left pleural and pericardial cavities, around the old epicardial lead. Drainage of the left pleural cavity resolved both the pneumothorax and pneumopericardium and the patient remained well on follow up.
18 Dec 2020Published in Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology. 10.1111/pace.14136