Instruction Cessation of oral anticoagulation (OAC) is common after the first 3 months of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF); however, thromboembolic risk has not been defined in patients with and without AF recurrence (RAF vs. NRAF) post ablationMethods and Results We identified 796 patients who discontinued OAC at 3 months post AF ablation from January 2015 to May 2018 in our center. Regular follow-up was performed to detect RAF, collect medication management and thromboembolic and major bleeding events. CHA2DS2-VASc score was 1.79±1.50; 547 (68.7%) patients were at intermediate and high risk (i.e. CHA2DS2-VASc score ³1 in male patients, or ³2 in female patients); 169 (21.2%) were RAF. During 29.2±12.2 months follow-up, the incidence rate of thromboembolism was 1.62 per 100 patient-year (7 in 431 years) in RAF, 0.33 per 100 patient-year (5 in 1503 years) in NRAF. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, RAF was associated with more 3.5-fold higher rate of thromboembolism compared with NRAF (adjusting HR, 4.488; 95%CI, 1.381-14.586). Rate of thromboembolism was even higher in patients with intermediate and high risk (2.16 per 100 patient-year [7 in 323 years] versus 0.38 per 100 patient-year [4 in 1043 years], aHR, 5.807; 95%CI, 1.631-20.671). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, RAF was the only independent predictor of thromboembolism (4.837 [1.498-15.621], P=0.008).
Introduction：LAmbre occluder (Lifetech Scientific, Shenzhen, China), a new device for left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion, is increasingly used, but the procedure for retrieval after dislodgement has rarely reported in human. Methods and Results：An 80-year-old male patient with permanent atrial fibrillation underwent the implantation of LAA occlusion device. The occluder dislodged to left atrium (LA) at the end of procedure. We failed to retrieve device in LA with a LASSO catheter and forceps with the 8.5F sheath. After it suddenly flowing into aortic arch, we successfully retrieved with a 14F flexible sheath and forceps. We also discussed reasons for the device dislodgment and reported experiences for device retrieval. Conclusion: Combination of the 14F flexible sheath and forceps could be used to retrieve the dislocation of LAA occlusion device.