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Spike development inhibition in the ftin mutant is associated with multiple phenotypic characteristics and regulated multiple biological pathways
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  • Yong-sheng Zheng,
  • Jinpeng Zhang,
  • Cheng Liu,
  • Han Zhang,
  • Xiajie Ji,
  • Mumu Wang,
  • Hui Wang,
  • Rongzhi Zhang,
  • Ruyu Li,
  • Weihua Liu
Yong-sheng Zheng
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Jinpeng Zhang
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Cheng Liu
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Han Zhang
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Xiajie Ji
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Mumu Wang
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Hui Wang
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Rongzhi Zhang
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Ruyu Li
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Weihua Liu
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

Spike development of wheat line 3558M was strongly inhibited by low temperature stress in spring. The fertile tiller inhibition (ftin) gene in the wheat line 3558M is associated with multiple phenotypes, including the production of fewer tillers, delayed floral transition, and death of the shoot apical meristem. In order to study the relationship between spike development inhibition and response to cold stress, we systematically investigated the genes and pathways underlying the differences using ITRAQ proteomics and RNA-sequencing technologies. The results showed that the cold acclimation pathway and multiple defence responses, including reactive oxygen species-mediated hypersensitive response, salicylic acid-mediated systemic acquired resistance, are activated and led to apex death of the wheat line 3558M under cold stress. Meanwhile, the cold acclimation pathway inhibited the SVP-SCO1-LFY flowering pathway and led to delayed floral transition. Two TaPIN proteins were significantly downregulated, and multiple auxin signalling genes were also differentially expressed. Particularly, knocking down the two TaPIN genes using RNAi technology significantly reduced the tiller number. The cold stress might disrupt the distribution of auxin and reduce the tillers of 3558M. Taken together, the ftin gene might be a cold-sensitive mutation and that is the cause of multiple biological pathways and phenotypic changes.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

31 Jul 2020Submitted to Plant, Cell & Environment
31 Jul 2020Assigned to Editor
31 Jul 2020Submission Checks Completed
03 Aug 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned