Sample manuscript showing style and formatting specifications for SPIE journal papers

Abstract

This document shows the required format and appearance of a manuscript prepared for SPIE journals. It is prepared using LaTeX2e with the class file spieman.cls. The abstract should consist of a single paragraph containing no more than 200 words. It should be a summary of the paper and not an introduction. Because the abstract may be used in abstracting and indexing databases, it should be self-contained (that is, no numerical references) and substantive in nature, presenting concisely the objectives, methodology used, results obtained, and their significance. A list of up to eight keywords should immediately follow, with the keywords separated by commas and ending with a period. The body of the manuscript should be double-spaced and fully justified.

Introduction

\label{sect:intro} This document shows the required format and appearance of a manuscript prepared for SPIE journals. Formatting guidelines must be carefully followed. Authors are advised to print this sample manuscript and use it as a reference while preparing their own paper, to ensure all guidelines are met.

Use of This Document

This document is prepared using LaTeX2e (Lamport 1994, Goossens 2004) with the class file spieman.cls. The LaTeX source file used to create this document is article.tex, which contains important formatting information embedded in it. Authors may use it as a template to create their own manuscript. While LaTeX properly handles most formatting issues, the author may occasionally need to intervene to obtain a satisfactorily formatted manuscript.

English

Authors are strongly encouraged to follow the principles of sound technical writing, as found in Refs.  and , for example. In addition, good English usage is essential. Authors whose native language is not English may wish to collaborate with a colleague whose English skills are more advanced. Alternatively, you may wish to have your manuscript professionally edited prior to submission by Editage, our recommended independent editorial service: . SPIE authors will receive a 10% discount off their services. A spell checker can be helpful to discover misspelled words, but authors should also proofread their papers carefully prior to submission. Manuscripts that do not meet acceptable English standards or lack clarity may be rejected.

Page Setup and Fonts

All text and figures, including footnotes, must fit inside a text area 6.5 in. wide by 9 in. high (16.51 by 22.86 cm). Manuscripts must be formatted for US letter paper, on which the margins should be 1.0 in. (2.54 cm) on the top, 1 in. on the bottom, and 1 in on the left and right.

The Times New Roman font is used throughout the manuscript, in the sizes and styles shown in Table \ref{tab:fonts}. If this font is not available, use a similar serif font. The manuscript should not contain headers or footers. Pages should be numbered.

\label{tab:fonts}

Fonts sizes and styles.
Document entity Brief description
Article title 16 pt., bold, left justified
Author names 12 pt., bold, left justified
Author affiliations 10 pt., left justified
Abstract 10 pt.
Keywords 10 pt.
Section heading 12 pt., bold, left justified
Subsection heading 12 pt., italic, left justified
Sub-subsection heading 11 pt., italic, left justified
Normal text 12 pt.
Figure and table captions 10 pt.

Parts of Manuscript

This section describes the normal structure of a manuscript and how each part should be handled. The appropriate vertical spacing between various parts of this document is achieved in LaTeX through the proper use of defined constructs, such as \section{} .

Title and Author Information

\label{sect:title} The article title appears left justified at the top of the first page. The title font is 16 pt., bold. The rules for capitalizing the title are the same as for sentences; only the first word, proper nouns, and acronyms should be capitalized. Do not begin titles with articles (for example, a, an, the) or prepositions (for example, on, by, etc.). The word “novel” should not appear in the title, as publication will imply novelty. Avoid the use of acronyms in the title, unless they are widely understood. Appendix A contains more about acronyms.

The list of authors immediately follows the title, 18 points below. The font is 12 pt., bold and the author names are left justified. The author affiliations and addresses follow the names, in 10-pt., normal font and left justified. For multiple affiliations, each affiliation should appear on a separate line. Superscript letters (a, b, c, etc.) should be used to associate multiple authors with their respective affiliations. Corresponding author should be listed below the Keywords, following the line “

Abstract

The abstract should be a concise summary of the paper. Because the abstract may be used in abstracting journals, it should be self-contained (that is, no numerical references) and substantive in nature, presenting concisely the objectives, methodology used, results obtained, and their significance. It should not exceed 200 words. For further guidelines, please read the brief article titled “

Keywords

Up to eight keywords should be specified.

Body of Paper

The body of the paper consists of numbered sections that present the main findings. These sections should be organized to best present the material.

To provide transition elements in your paper, it is important to refer back (or forward) to specific sections. Such references are made by indicating the section number, for example, “

At the first occurrence of an acronym, spell it out followed by the acronym in parentheses, for example, charge-coupled diode (CCD).

Footnotes

Use textual footnotes only when necessary to present im