The housing problem of people that suffered natural or anthropogenic disasters and were internally or externally displaced is a subject of investigation and has a lot of different aspects to be improved. Some of the main structural materials that act in the composition of the emergency shelters are various fabrics. By far the literature that exists on this matter is mainly a subdomain of a greater theme such as membrane structures. Even in a greater discussion of membrane structures, the thermal and acoustical characteristics are not usually the topics that are dealt with thorough analysis as opposed to the structural issues. Furthermore, the literature and research about the thermal and acoustical characterization of membrane composed emergency shelters are scarcer and in some cases lack details. The aim of this document is to investigate the existing research done on this narrow aspect of membrane architecture and to pinpoint prominent problems that demand further research.