# Introduction

In the social world, many phenomena can be classed as being ’wicked’. Rittel et al. (1973), p. 161 Tells us that a wicked situation is one that is difficult to analyse when attempting to solve problems, including any attempt at improvement within the field of concern, and consequently have the added property of being difficult to analyse when judging whether solutions have been successful. It is certainly true that many aspects of education can be classified as being wicked.

### References

1. Horst W. J. Rittel, Melvin M. Webber. Dilemmas in a general theory of planning. Policy Sci 4, 155–169 Springer Science $$\mathplus$$ Business Media, 1973. Link