Carlos Graciós

and 4 more

1. INTRODUCTION The relevant role of the hydroelectric plants in the world is achieved in their particular energy production because of the great amount of energy production between 30% – 60% accord of the total power generation around the world. The efficiency in terms of the high level actual requirements, depends of the correct balance on the generation, storage and distribution strategies reported in the literature. In the particular requirement of generation issues, the development of high efficient control architectures are preliminary explored by the primary scheme which is analyzed in recent results. Here, it is important to evaluate the performance of each part and whole power generation system to define the adequate law control behaviour. Acord to Lui et al. the transient process in hydropower stations, including the interactions among hydraulics, mechanism, and electricity, is complicated. The closure of guide vanes and spherical valve induces a change in the flow inertia, which causes changes in the turbine rotational speed and hydraulic pressure in the piping system.When the working condition dramatically changes during transients, drastic changes in the waterhammer pressure and high rotational speed may lead to serious accidents that will endanger the safety of the hydraulic structure and turbine unit [1–3] and affect the power grid stability [4]. Therefore, simulating the transient process of hydropower stations is necessary. The calculation accuracy is directly related to the design of the water diversion system, safe operation of the hydropower plant, and power quality. However hydropower generation varies greatly between years with varying inflows, as well as competing water uses, such as flood control, water supply, recreation, and in-stream flow requirements. Given hydropower’s economic value and its role in complex water systems, it is reasonable to monitor and protect the hydropower unit from harmful operation modes. A unit is often operated through rough zone which will cause the unit vibration and the stability performance will decline. Finally, in the case of Great Brittian 1/3 of the cfomplete electrical power is generated by a Hydropower plant installed in Dinorwig Wales with a special characteristics to be demostrated in this report Futhermore, section 2 is devoted to describe the Dinorwig Hydropower Plant(DHP) as structural as functional manner. The hybrid model proposed to define the unsual behaviour for the Plant is developed in section 3. Section 4 shows the Model obtained applying the MLD strategy inserted here. The results using the proposed method are discussed in Section 5. Finally, some conclusions are drawn in Section 6 followed by Acknowledgment and relevant references.