Acprof 9780199390632 graphic 02010

David Hofmann

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Anarchist theoryEssentially, after reading some books on anarchism I feel that the main take is:their focus is on practice not theory. Theoretical attempts lack quality in the following way: i) the thoughts stay superficial - ideal societies are outlined but the analysis of whether such a society is compatible with the human condition or how a human condition would need to change and in that regard, more generally speaking, how a path towards such a society could look like is not analyzed in depth.they are likely the most evolved in the practice of self-organization of crowds.Review of Castoriadis' "On the content of socialism - Part 2"\cite{castoriadis_content_1957}In this book he lines out how a socialist society could look like. After pages of rant against the contemporary societal order - which is pretty unenlightening, it is written in a rhetoric style that one would like to encounter less often: too much denunciation, too opinionated denunciation i.e. too little effort to try to be factual or even logical.However, after those rather unsatisfying pages (of exhortations, special pleading, and wishful thinking) he then pursues with the constructive part. He outlines the following essential ingredients for a socialist society:Structures that organize society need to be simple: Just as work will have a meaning only when people understand and dominate it, so will the institutions of socialist society have to become understandable and controllable. (Bakunin once described the problem of socialism as being one of "integrating individuals into structures that they can understand and control."); Socialist society will be possible only if it brings about a radical change in this state of affairs and massively simplifies social organization. Socialism implies that the organization of a society will have become transparent to its members.; Coherent with this view seems to be the struggle for a universal basic income which would simplify dramatically the welfare state. Also, probably a necessary basis, Open Government.Marxist economic theoryUseful points (I think):1. distinction between use and exchange value (but then how to define a use-value; one book on this was Graeber's "towards an anthropological theory of value", I can put notes on that up here at some point, I haven't found it that clear, but I think there may be some interesting ideas to pull out). Exchange value is that thing peculiar to capitalism. 2. labour theory of value => ultimately I think there's some philosophical component of this that I like (human effort is sort of centralized), as a theory of price it seems to be very much debated even by marxist economists (obviously it's completely rejected by the mainstream). Anwar Shaikh has a paper claiming its empirical validity. Marxists of a certain kind cling on to it strongly in a way that seems scientifically unreasonable, if not sort of crazy (it's a theory, how can they be so confident?). Analytical marxists like John Roemer use neoclassical style models to prove that it is false in some models of the economy (i.e. even when you can define a commodity's 'labor value' rigorously, it doesn't determine it's price, and in some models prices are actually needed to define labor value, and prices are determined by markets (and therefore preferences in neoclassical style), but of course, these models are very questionable on various grounds similar to all neoclassical models -- this approach seems ahistorical and philosophically weird). Anwar Shaikh criticizes the analytical marxists heavily for their use of such models. I've come to a different view of this. The labour theory of value was never meant to be a theory of price. I need to understand it more... 

David Hofmann

and 1 more

CITIES AND GOVERNMENTS THAT OPENED UP ΦAI - Philantropic AI is a company devoted to the progress of societies using cutting-edge technologies. Warum: Europäische Kohäsion (zusammenhaltende Effekte. Datenungerechtigkeiten gefällt der EU nicht), Transparenz, Verwaltungsvereinfachung und Wirtschaftsförderung. Gesetzliche Verstärkung der Umsetzung! - New York - Munich - Hamburg (Transparenzgesetz) - Berlin - Bremen - Rheinland-Pfalz - California - Justice data: http://openjustice.doj.ca.gov/ - Pennsylvania https://data.pa.gov/browse?utf8=%E2%9C%93&page=1 - Philadelphia: https://www.opendataphilly.org/ Existing examples - Weather forecast: 3-4 times faster prediction of hurricane. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P31Fl8bRqUY&list=PLibNZv5Zd0dz6ZH1BX8qdpCMuSbxHbwCZ&index=8 CAPITALIZATION - http://www.forbes.com/sites/mikemontgomery/2015/06/24/why-civic-tech-is-the-next-big-thing/#7fe8cdeae24b - http://www.govtech.com/budget-finance/6-9-Billion-to-be-Spent-on-Civic-Tech-in-2015-Report-Says.html PRODUCTS - Helping governments to move to open data standards. - Providing service of data analysis and visualization - Soon to come: blockchain technology! The next massive technological transition. Likely governments will again knock at the door! There is no university education, knowledge is scarce. - Find specific problems politicians ask advice for: https://sehrgutachten.de - Geoinformation system to track needed patchwork in infrastructure. People can use a smartphone app to tell their city council where fixes are needed. City council can see popularity of broken infrastructure. Citizen can get reputation tokens which are linked to correctness of the filed alert or so. IT IS HAPPENING ALREADY - Only now (2016) they founded a data science master (which is an elite Studiengang...) http://idalab.de/blog/interview/dr-prof-goran-kauermann-lmu - Another way to transition is by collaboration with hardware producers to expand the IoT towards smart cities. Philipp und Johannes? - Push towards transition town! While helping the change towards open data we will have even better reasons for claiming that all other business models are exploitative. Also, slowly but surely we will progress towards the empowerment of citizen and have a proof of principle: citizen voting on policies proposed and discussed among politicians. What could be the counter-argument? Mutual influence: politicians speak out and influence citizen. Politicians see polls and hence are more inclined to vote along people’s opinions since they are aware they are being watched. Well: if citizen and politicians have the same opinion actually no one can claim that democracy doesn’t work I suppose. So what’s bad about that? However, the rule of the mob needs to be avoided. Education is key. Success of education? - Walk the fine line: be open and transparent, be responsible but don’t appear naive, be professional and strategical. You have to be smart to avoid them to become condescending. You need allies. - We recognized that the objective function is a crucial element of a society. Objective function is currently the GDP. This can be changed by open data and the possibility to assess other variables! Which are these other variables? What can be done to track them and to measurethe influence of certain policies onto them? What can be learned from Apple and what can be used against their company philosophy - Simplicity wins. Humans tend to welcome complexity reduction -> it safes energy/less effort to compute things. - Through clever marketing strategies (make sure artists buy your product -> apple is everywhere in the arts... well, we can’t run such a strategy) and the above aspect you can win over the market despite the fact that your products are more expensive. - You can do these things and even exploiting is not a problem because on the other hand you actually provide jobs and bring liquidity to poorer areas. These asshole behaviors and hypocrite arguments is clearly what needs to be used as a strong argument against proprietary companies. - Argument that will help: every company is dependent of open source. Connected with this the fact that Microsoft is the company that contributes most to development of open source on github http://www.infoworld.com/article/3121792/open-source-tools/whos-no-1-in-open-source-microsoft.html ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE - Employees can devote more or less time to projects that need to be accomplished but no one really wants to do. If less people are willing to work on something than this gets incentiviced more. Mutualistic networks between people and projects. Company policy will decide on nectar/cash such that all is balanced. However, how do we decide whether some task is accomplished? Reputation tokens. - Make sure employees do care for themselves. Make sure that employees contribute to a nice environment, for example by doing art. Make sure people are able to talk to each other and don’t need drugs to do so and to go through their daily lives... simply: make sure there is a good, prosperious work-climate. - of course flat hierarchies, maybe with a changing boss? - Open source it! This might turn out to be helpful: https://opensource.com/open-organization/16/1/community-calls-will-increase-participation-your-open-organization and maybe this: https://opensource.com/open-organization/16/1/greenpeace-makes-7-shifts-toward-open And how much will we earn? What is a reasonable amount? 60gran per year? - http://www.unifr.ch/news/de/2502/ - https://www.academics.de/wissenschaft/physiker-gehalt_58284.html?wt_cc1=Artikel.Physiker_Gehalt_in_Forschung_und_Wirtschaft&wt_zmc=nl.int.aca.jobnewsletter.2016-11-03.acade.textlink.selektion.x&c=514007&si=14ECbjk3UwekPiMjcKIn9NKbyI8ZtD5rotzV393wv4Mqv6gdHfZIC9LyRhI7sGfCS218LMcbM9xgU8f41Mw&utm_medium=nl&utm_campaign=jobnewsletter&utm_source=2016-11-03 OTHERS DOING A SIMILAR THING - http://docs.opendatasoft.com/en/tutorials.html#video-tutorials - https://socrata.com - www.accela.com - http://www.gartner.com/technology/why_gartner.jsp - https://www.idc.com/prodserv/insights/government/ps/smartcities.jsp - https://www.init.de/en - http://idalab.de/blog/interview/dr-prof-goran-kauermann-lmu MORE RESOURCES - https://www.okfn.de/blog/2016/10/opendata-gesetz/ - Open budget: http://offenerhaushalt.de/page/links.html - Conference: https://en.ogpsummit.org/osem/conference/ogp-summit - Offene Daten von der okf: https://offenedaten.de/ https://www.okfn.de/projekte/offenedaten/ - Open business alliance: http://osb-alliance.de/ - http://founderdating.com/civicaction/ - GovData termine: https://www.govdata.de/termine - OParl https://dev.oparl.org/spezifikation - See link to projects therein: https://liqd.net/en/projects/ Diskussion zum Thema - Podiumsdiskussion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VATwV4G-5CQ - Vortrag von Redhat:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USDjwzCJjm8&feature=youtu.be More stuff - Important: Open Budget http://us5.campaign-archive1.com/?u=929f1e07936386d34833e20d1&id=9c8bb8a81e&e=%5BUNIQID%5D - Offener Haushalt: http://offenerhaushalt.de/page/links.html - More pointers to interesting projects: http://us5.campaign-archive2.com/home/?u=929f1e07936386d34833e20d1&id=4df990209d - https://fragdenstaat.de/jobcenter/ - http://weareopen.coop/ - Bob Young https://opensource.com/open-organization/16/10/history-open-source-teaches-strategic-advantage - https://youarenotsosmart.com - http://www.knightfoundation.org/articles/whats-next-mapping-civic-tech - https://medium.com/positive-returns/building-a-civic-tech-sector-to-last-e835a9031585#.d8co91rx8 - https://www.okfn.de/blog/2016/10/opendata-gesetz/ - https://www.okfn.de/blog/2016/10/transparenzgesetz-berlin/ - https://www.okfn.de/blog/2016/10/DS-Codeweek-Workshop-Einladung/ - Digital Humanities: https://www.okfn.de/projekte/dariah/ - http://big-project.eu/ - ODINE: https://opendataincubator.eu/advice-from-odine-graduates-the-top-three-lessons-for-new-start-ups/, ex: https://opendataincubator.eu/category/insymbio/ - Health care example: https://plexus.support/#home_sec - http://innovation.mfg.de/de/standort/digitale-trends/open-source/offenes-wissen-nutzt-allen-1.39360 - http://www.bpb.de/gesellschaft/medien/opendata/64055/was-sind-offene-daten?p=all - Even the World Bank is for Open Data: http://opendatahandbook.org/guide/de/what-is-open-data/ - Open Code (inclusive Obama Facebook bot oder so): https://code.gov/#/ - Carsten hat mir was von den Capgemini workshops aufmerksam gemacht. Muss noch schauen was die genau sind: “Expedition in die unendlichen Weiten der IT – mit den Capgemini Workshops!” Ist auf jeden Fall Allianz etc. involviert. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLhVFYSVo4Y&feature=youtu.be Munich: - https://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/Stadtverwaltung/Direktorium/IT-Beauftragte/Projekt-E--und-Open-Government/Offene-Daten-der-LHM.html - https://www.opengov-muenchen.de/dataset/indikatorenatlas-2014-arbeitsmarkt-sozialversicherungspflichtig-beschaeftigte-83r65mct/resource/8ae97812-e077-4bc4-8a21-a1deb2b61adb - https://www.it-muenchen-blog.de/index.php/open-data-day-hackathon/ - http://www.sueddeutsche.de/muenchen/open-data-projekt-der-stadt-muenchen-mogdy-nimmer-1.1277079-2 - https://www.muenchen-transparent.de/antraege/3709386 - https://opendata.bayern.de/detailansicht/datensatz/flaeche--gemeinden--stichtag?0 - https://www.statistikdaten.bayern.de/genesis/online?Menu=Hilfe