Ed: Thanks everyone for a fascinating AMA - some really great questions. Time for us to go now but we’ll check back later on to answer any more questions and comments. Did you know that if you use your voice for more than five hours a day you are considered a professional voice user? We are Gillyanne Kayes and Jeremy Fisher. Our expertise in the field of voice coaching saw us appointed behind the scenes to this year’s ‘The Voice’ on ITV and led to singer, Cerys Mathews, nicknaming us the ‘Voice Gurus’ on her Sunday Morning show Our bestselling books are described as must-reads for teachers, singers and students alike and we recently launched our One Minute Voice WarmUp app to help protect professional voice users from repetitive voice injury. We’re on a mission to help people make the most of their voice - not just professionals, but day-to-day voice users including teachers, call centre workers, vicars, receptionists, personal trainers, business coaches and more. Whether you want to know more about the science behind the voice (Gillyanne recently completed her PhD on the subject) or you’re looking for more practical, voice-related advice, we can help…we’ll be back at 1pmET to answer your questions, AMA!
I am an animal geneticist at UC Davis with a strong interest in science communication. I am in the documentary film called Food Evolution which is showing in New York City this week at Village East Cinema (https://www.citycinemas.com/villageeast/film/food-evolution). The film uses the debate around GMOs as a proxy for bigger questions around decision making, alternative facts, and asks why do many people make decisions with their hearts rather than their heads? The movie has reviews in Science, and the Hollywood Reporter. As someone working in agricultural science my entire career I see a lot of deceptive marketing designed to play on people’s fears, and recently a lot of misleading “absence-labeling” suggesting the absence of something that was never in the food product in the first place (e.g. gluten-free water). My own research focuses on genetic improvement of cattle, with some research focusing on using gene editing as discussed in Science Friday and illustrated in this video. I will be back at 11 am PT (2 pm ET); I look forward to your questions on genetic improvement of crops and livestock, and/or questions related to the movie Food Evolution. My twitter handle is @biobeef.
Edit, 4:31 PM ET We’re signing off. Thanks for all of your questions! Some of us will try to answer more questions throughout the next couple of days. And remember, all our eclipse info is at eclipse2017.nasa.gov Edit, 3:03 PM ET We’re live! We’ll be online answering questions starting at 3 PM ET! On Monday, August 21, 2017, daylight will fade to the level of a moonlit night as millions of Americans experience a total solar eclipse. For the first time in nearly 100 years (since 1918), the moon’s shadow will sweep coast-to-coast across the US, putting 14 states in the path of totality, and providing a view of a partial eclipse across all 50 states. A solar eclipse happens when a rare alignment of the sun and moon casts a shadow on Earth. Eclipses provide an unparalleled opportunity for us to see the sun’s faint outer atmosphere, the corona, in a way that can’t be replicated by human-made instruments. We believe this region of the sun is the main driver for the sun’s constant outpouring of radiation, known as the solar wind, as well as powerful bursts of solar material that can be harmful to satellites, orbiting astronauts and power grids on the ground. We’re here to talk about • What you’ll see on August 21st & how to watch it safely • Why we’re excited to study the sun during this eclipse & our upcoming mission to the sun • How eclipses can help us learn about Earth, the solar system, and exoplanets More info at https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/ Mitzi Adams I am a solar scientist for NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), where I study the magnetic ﬁeld of the Sun and how it aﬀects the upper layer of the solar atmosphere, the corona. With a professional interest in sunspot magnetic ﬁelds and coronal bright points, friends have labelled me a “solar dermatologist”. Alexa Halford I am a contractor at NASA Goddard. Throughout my education I have been lucky to work at JPL NASA looking at Uranus’s moons and study Saturn on the Cassini mission at the South West Research Institute. Today I stick a bit closer to home studying the Earth’s magnetic field and its space weather phenomena. Michael Kirk I am currently a fellow with the NASA Postdoctoral Program (NPP). This two-year program allows me to pursue my research interests here at Goddard and collaborate with other scientists. My research interests include automated solar image processing, anatomy of chromospheric flares and associated ephemeral brightenings, solar cycle variations in polar coronal holes, and helioinformatics (the way we scientists interact with and make use of solar data Debra Needham I am a planetary scientist at NASA Marshall with a focus on geomorphology, surface processes, and volcanology on the Earth, the Moon, Mars, and Venus. I am also involved with efforts to integrate science into future robotic and human exploration. Cécile Rousseaux I graduated from the University of Namur (Belgium) and received a Masters Degree in Biology of Organisms (University of Namur) and another one in Oceanography (University of Liege). I then did my PhD in Environmental Engineering at the University of Western Australia. In 2011, I started working at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center as a Research Scientist. My research focuses on the effects of climate variability on the oceans using earth system models and satellite ocean color through data assimilation. Jesse-Lee Dimech My name is Dr. Jesse-Lee Dimech, I’m a lunar seismologist and NASA postdoctoral fellow at MSFC. I research “moonquakes” using seismic data recorded during the Apollo moon missions. I’m also helping operate an H-alpha solar telescope on eclipse day in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, which will live feed to NASA TV. Dr. Alphonse Sterling I am a solar scientist at NASA Marshall where I study the magnetic ﬁeld of the Sun and how it aﬀects the solar atmosphere, including the chromosphere and the corona. I have attended several eclipses. Chris Blair I am a communications professional at NASA Marshall specializing in planetary and solar sciences and the International Space Station.
Hi Reddit! As we travel around the world and our economies become more globalised, plant and animal species are declining and in some cases disappearing due to the arrival of invasive non-native species. Invasive Non-native species are a huge cost to the global economy and pose a serious threat to the environment. My research focuses on the effects of environmental change on insect populations and communities, especially invasive non-native species and their effect on biodiversity. I also lead the UK Ladybird Survey, a citizen science initiative that links into my research focusing on the invasive harlequin ladybird. I’m part of the Sense about Science Plant Science Panel, an online group of over 50 independent plant science researchers. You can ask them any questions to do with plants, food or the environment on Twitter (@senseaboutsci #plantsci) Facebook or via the website. Answers are sent back within a couple of days and posted online. The Panel has answered close to 400 questions over the last three years and it’s a great way to cut through the noise around what can often be very polarised debates. I’ll be back at noon EST to answer your questions, AMA!
Vector-borne diseases – infectious diseases that are carried between humans or from animals to humans by organisms such as mosquitoes and ticks – infect over 1 billion people and cause more than 1 million deaths every year (World Health Organization, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs387/en/). What makes someone susceptible to vector-borne disease? What do globalization, climate change, and human behavior have to do with where these diseases are found? What vaccines are in development? We’re a diverse group of infectious disease researchers – ask us anything! Maria Elena Bottazzi, Associate Dean, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine. I lead the research, education and administration efforts of my school, as a Professor of Pediatric Tropical Medicine and the Deputy Director for the Sabin Vaccine Institute and Texas Children’s Hospital Center for Vaccine Development. An internationally-recognized scientist with more than 16 years of experience in translational immunoparasitology research and vaccine development for neglected tropical diseases, my major interest lies in the role of vaccines as control tools integrated into international public and global health programs and initiatives. I earned her PhD in 1995 from the University of Florida. Marcia Castro, Associate Professor of Demography, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.My research focuses on infectious diseases (particularly mosquito borne), environmental change and health, environmental management for vector control, spatial patterns of disease transmission, and infant & child mortality. More specifically, I focus on the development and use of multidisciplinary approaches, combining data from different sources, to identify the determinants of disease transmission in different ecological settings, providing evidence for the improvement of current control policies, as well as the development of new ones. I earned my PhD in Demography from Princeton University in 2002. Anthony Wilson, Integrative Entomology Group Leader, The Pirbright Institute. I lead the Integrative Entomology group at The Pirbright Institute in the UK, studying the ability of insects (particularly mosquitoes) and ticks to transmit viruses and how this is affected by the environment. I have contributed opinions as an expert on vector-borne disease emergence for the European Food Safety Authority and the Global Strategic Alliances for the Coordination of Research on the Major Infectious Diseases of Animals and Zoonoses (STAR-IDAZ); I’m a member of the MACSUR European network on the impacts of climate change on food production via disease ecology; and I’m a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society. Additionally, I am a core member of Pirbright’s Equality, Diversity and Inclusion committee, a site union representative and sits on the national panel for the Athena SWAN Charter awards, which recognize employer commitments to gender equality. I earned my PhD from the University of Oxford in 2008. Kacey Ernst, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, University of Arizona College of Public Health. My primary research interests are in determining how human-environment interactions alter risk of vector-borne disease transmission. I focus specifically on questions surrounding the emergence of Aedes-borne viruses such as dengue and Zika in the U.S.-Mexico border region and the development and uptake of sustainable control strategies for malaria in western Kenya. Recently, I partnered with the Centers for Disease Control to develop Kidenga, a community-based surveillance mobile application that is intended to educate communities and provide early warning of pathogen emergence. I have presented to the public in a wide range of forums on her research and the impact of climate change on human health, and earned my PhD in Epidemiology from the University of Michigan in 2006.  Okay guys, I’m afraid we’re heading off now. Thank you very much for joining us, and hope we were able to give you some useful answers!
I am Barry Lam, Associate Professor of Philosophy at Vassar College and the Executive Producer and Host of the Hi-Phi Nation podcast, the first story-driven documentary-style show about philosophy. I just completed production and release of the first season of Hi-Phi Nation as Humanities Writ-Large fellow at Duke University, where the first season covered stories and philosophy ranging from the possibilities of posthumous harm, the morality of war, the referent of religious terms in Christianity and Islam, the philosophy of music, the replication crisis in the statistical sciences, philosophy of gender, Kuhn and scientific realism, and the philosophy of love. I would be happy to talk about any of the substantive issues that arose from these episodes, as well as discuss any issues concerning doing philosophy in a story-driven way. Here are a few select episodes on Soundcloud: Episode 1: The Wishes of the Dead Episode 3: The Morality of War Episode 4: The Name of God Episode 7: Hackademics II (Epistemology of Replication Crisis) Some interviews and discussions about Hi-Phi Nation: My posts about the show at Leiter Reports The American Philosophical Association Blog interview Vassar’s Interview Elucidations Podcast, extended discussion of the wishes of the dead My own philosophical work has been in epistemology and the philosophy of language, particularly on the nature of epistemic rationality, and in experimental semantics and pragmatics. I would be happy to have a discussion about those topics. In the past two years I’ve set technical research aside to produce what I hope will be an ongoing series of narrative story-driven philosophy akin to the best productions we have for economics and the social sciences, such as Freakonomics Radio and Invisibilia. It is my hope that having a high-production story-driven show about philosophy will open up the field to lots of new people, as well as let existing fans of philosophy appreciate the way it connects with journalism, history, law, and nonfiction writing. Links: Subscribe to the show on Apple Podcast Go to the website and subscribe to the blog for announcements Follow on Twitter Follow on Facebook Paypal donation page Patreon Page
Hi everyone! In April 2014, a decision was made to switch Flint’s water source from Lake Huron to the Flint River. Since then, the city has faced unending water woes. After numerous boil advisories and a violation of TTHM (total trihalomenthane) levels, our water became discolored, and I decided to educate myself on everything water and water distribution. Eventually we had the water tested properly and it came back at 2.5 times the level of hazardous waste. It was after that and reading the monthly operational reports that I learned that officials were breaking a federal law. They denied it and threatened me with Child Protective Services if I didn’t bow to their wants. They wanted me to sign a document stating I would never pursue them for poisoning my son. They even offered me money. Then, when trying to figure out what I should expect from my son (who also has a compromised immune system) being lead poisoned, I was told by a state nurse that it was nothing. “Just a few IQ points—it’s not the end of the world.” With the local, state, and federal government against us, my family forged ahead and with the help of Marc Edwards and his Virginia Tech team led a sampling of almost 300 homes. This sampling proved there was a city-wide problem. Because of everything that has happened, I have now become a water activist and citizen scientist. The breaking of a federal law in Flint makes what happened an anomaly, but there is still a nation-wide problem. There are lead pipes throughout the country and almost every state allows testing with loopholes. We need to keep a conversation about lead at the forefront to help protect this nation’s children. I’m here to answer any questions you have about my experience and what I learned. Also, I make an appearance in PBS NOVA’s new film about the Flint crisis, called “Poisoned Water,” which you can watch online for free here. They also made a video profile of me for their website. Finally, here are both parts to an interview I did with Constantine Cannon. I’ll be back at 1pm EST to answer your questions. AMA!
Hi, I’m Dr. Bonnie Buratti, and I’ve worked at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory for 35 years. Most recently I’ been on the following missions: Cassini to Saturn, New Horizons to Pluto, and Rosetta to a comet. I’m interested in what planets are made of and what it would be like if we just stood on their surfaces. I’m fascinated by all the exotic things we’ve found – sulfur volcanoes on Io, methane lakes on Titan, polar caps of dry ice on Mars, and nitrogen glaciers on Pluto. I’d like to share my excitement about what we’ve found with you. I just published a book, “Worlds Fantastic, Worlds Familiar”, that is a personal guide through the Solar System. I describe how landforms on the planets are similar to those on the Earth, only often more fantastic. I’ll be back at 2 pm ET (11 am PT) to answer your questions, ask me anything! edit: 1:28 PM PST - Thank you to the entire /r/science community for your participation and thoughtful questions. I would also like to thank the mods for their great stewardship and seamless setup (especially Nate).
Hi, I’m Matt Hourihan and I run the AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program, where we follow trends in federal science spending and analyze legislation–like the recent omnibus–for its impact on science and technology budgets. We’ve served for 40 years as a source of info for policy makers and the science community. Ask me anything! After months of waiting and weeks of negotiating, the Republican-controlled Congress finally released their omnibus bill to fund government for the next several months, and they did something many scientists weren’t expecting: they completely diverged from President Trump’s blueprint. As part of their historically difficult science budget for 2018, the Trump Administration also recommended a set of steep cuts to take effect immediately in the current fiscal year, on everything from basic science at NIH to technology programs at the Department of Energy to climate research at NOAA. But Congress pretty much ignored these in their 2017 bill. According to our current estimates, the omnibus bill would increase federal R&D by five percent this year, with increases for basic and applied research, development, and R&D facilities funding. Among science agencies, there were a few clear winners, while most managed to avoid the sorts of cuts sought by the President. The bill has passed the House and looks set to pass the Senate today, per the latest update (knock wood). How does the bill shape up? Does it tell us anything about what might happen in the next funding debate, just over the horizon? What kind of say does President Trump have over all this? How does the federal budget process even work?? Ask me anything! (you can also follow me on Twitter or check out our website, or play around with our science budget data dashboard) I’ll be answering your questions at 3 pm EST. Ask Me Anything!
Hi Reddit! We are Scott France (deep-sea biologist, University of Louisiana at Lafayette), Del Bohnenstiehl (geophysicist, North Carolina State University), Michael White (NOAA seafloor mapping expert), and Kasey Cantwell (NOAA ocean explorer). We are joined by the Mission Team on board NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer to answer your questions about our expedition to explore deep waters in the central Pacific- an area of the world where the vast majority of deeper waters remain unseen by human eyes. We are currently on the “Mountains in the Deep: Exploring the Central Pacific Basin” expedition to explore deep waters within Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument; around the Cook Islands Marine Park; and the high seas. Throughout the expedition, we are using remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) to explore the seafloor and video streams from the ROVs are being transmitted via satellite from ship to shore. This means anyone with an Internet connection – including YOU! – can tune in LIVE with scientists from around the world, sharing an unprecedented glimpse of never-seen-before deep marine habitats. We expect to encounter large, diverse coral and sponge communities; uncover important deep-sea ecosystems; explore ancient seamounts; map the seafloor; and learn more about the geologic history of the area. Information collected during the expedition will support management decisions, to appropriately use and protect what we know as well as what we have yet to discover. We have all participated in numerous deep-ocean exploration missions. We’re here from 2:00 pm ET to 4:00 pm ET to answer your questions about the current expedition or ocean exploration in general…AUA! You can follow us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/OceanExplorationResearch/, Instagram @noaaoceanexploration, or Twitter @oceanexplorer, or visit our website http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov to stay up to date with all of our deep-ocean exploration activities! Thanks for joining us today to talk about ocean exploration! Unfortunately, we are out of time. Good news is that you can continue to follow the Mountains in the Deep: Exploring the Central Pacific Basin between now and May 19, 2017. While we aren’t diving today (May 1), all things permitting, ROV dives are planned most days until May 15, 2017, typically from about 8 am to 5 pm SST (3 pm to 12 am EDT). Expedition home page: http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/okeanos/explorations/ex1705/welcome.html LIVE video of our dives: http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/okeanos/media/exstream/exstream.html
Update: We just learned Kristen, MFSSF lead organizer, will not be joining this AMA. Stephanie will be representing MFSSF in this forum. Hi Reddit, My name is Valorie Aquino, and I am a PhD Candidate in Anthropology at the University of New Mexico. My research reconstructs and compares original, high-resolution archaeological and paleoclimatological records to better understand the articulation of climate volatility and politics in the ancient Maya world. I am an organizer with the March for Science DC, where my role is Co-chair. My name is Stephanie Fine Sasse and I am Co-Founder & Creative Director at The People’s Science. My work focuses on improving the relationship between science, society, and the individual through educational technology, informal learning, and interactive STEAM experiences. I am also an organizer with the March for Science SF, where my role is Chair of the Partners & Programming committees. I also supported the national team in their Week of Action and initial post-March development. With over 600 satellite marches worldwide, there’s no doubt that March for Science was an incredible moment. Now the question on everyone’s mind is how we can turn that moment into a movement. That’s no easy feat, but I can’t tell you how excited I am that we have this chance to try. You can follow us on Twitter: Stephanie @thescientish. March for Science SF @sciencemarchSF March for Science DC @sciencemarchDC
Hello Reddit! I am Dr. Beau Lotto, a neuroscientist fascinated with human perception for over 25 years now. Originally from Seattle, Washington, I have lived in the United Kingdom for over twenty years and is a Professor at University College London. I received my undergraduate degree from UC Berkeley, my PhD from the University of Edinburgh Medical School, and was a fellow at Duke University. I’m Founder / CEO of Ripple Inc, which is a NY based company which owns IP (and patents) in AR Ripple has two products: Meego and Traces. The former is a Social platform and the latter an Enterprise platform … both in AR. I am also the Founder and CEO of Lab of Misfits Studio, the world’s first neuro-design studio. The lab creates unique real-world ‘experiential-experiments’ that places the public at the centre of the process of discovery. By spanning social and personal boundaries between people, brands and institutions, our aim is to create, expand and apply their insights into what it is to be perceiving human. What is perception? Perception is the foundation of human experience, but few of us understand why we see what we do, much less how. By revealing the startling truths about the brain and its perceptions, I show that the next big innovation is not a new technology: it is a new way of seeing! What do we really see? Do we really see reality? We never see the world as it actually is, but only the world that is useful for us to see. Our brains have not evolved to see the world accurately. In my new book DEVIATE, and what I’m here to talk about today, is the science of perception, how we can see differently, and how to unlock our ability to create, innovate and effect change. You can check out my recent TED Talk on the subject, or poke around my website to see some optical illusions, and feel free to ask me questions about things like dressgate, and how to use perception in nature, groups, while using technology and in solitude – and how we can unlock our creative potential in every aspect of our lives. I will be back at 11 am ET to answer your questions, ask me anything! Thank you for all your questions, they were terrific — I’m signing off now! I will try to come back later an answer a few more questions. But for now, thank you.
Millions of children have been born in the United States with the help of cutting-edge reproductive technologies, much to the delight of their parents. But alarmingly, scarce attention has been paid to the lax regulations that have made the U.S. a major fertility tourism destination. And without clear protections, the unique rights and needs of the children of assisted reproduction are often ignored. Babies of Technology, hardcover out April 4th from Yale University Press, is the first to consider the voice of the child in discussions about regulating the fertility industry. The controversies are many. Donor anonymity is preventing millions of children from knowing their genetic origins. Fertility clinics are marketing genetically enhanced babies. Career women are saving their eggs for later in life. And Third World women are renting their wombs to the rich. Meanwhile, the unregulated fertility market charges forward as a multi-billion-dollar industry. Who will protect our babies of technology? Ask me about that, or anything. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BabiesofTechnology/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/BabiesofTech Goodreads: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/32073353-babies-of-technology?from_search=true Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Babies-Technology-Assisted-Reproduction-Rights/dp/0300215878 THANK YOU FOR ALL OF YOUR THOUGHTFUL AND PIERCING QUESTIONS. I AM NEW TO REDDIT AND IT MIGHT TAKE ME A FEW HOURS (OR DAYS), BUT I HOPE TO RESPOND TO YOU ALL. CHEERS!