The beam-hopping technology can solve the problems of uneven user distribution and uneven service demand, and improve the efficiency of resource utilization. It is one of the important technologies of future satellite-ground integrated communication. However, the mobility of LEO satellites and the on-demand scheduling of beams make each satellite beam correspond to multiple ground wave positions, which brings great difficulties to data processing. In this paper, after analyzing the difficulties of the data forwarding buffer of the beam-hopping system, a double-linked list structure of user state chain and data buffer chain is proposed, which solves the problem of data forwarding between the satellite and users in the dynamic state, and provides an efficient solution for the data exchange of the beam-hopping LEO satellite.
Summary — Large Low Earth Orbit satellite constellations require Machine Learning methods for enabling autonomy in health keeping of the satellites. Autonomy in health keeping entail’s fault detection, isolation and reconfiguration. However, prior to building model building, it becomes imperative to conduct Exploratory Data Analysis of the data to gain an intuition of data and to decide the best model. Univariate Exploratory data analysis has been carried out on a BUS CURRENT sensor of Electrical Power System of a Low Earth Orbit Satellite to gain an understanding of data. Various aspects of data like presence of outliers, sampling frequency, missing values, comparison of imputation methods to fill missing values seasonality and trend analysis, stationarity test on data, rolling mean, and auto correlation and partial auto correlation plots have been made and a detailed statistical analysis of results has been conducted.
This paper presents the latest achievements concerning 3GPP Release-17 adjacent band coexistence simulation work on 5G New Radio Non-Terrestrial Networks (NTNs) for satellite communications. For the first time, 3GPP considered the introduction of Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) frequency bands for 3GPP User Equipment (UE) direct connectivity with satellites and had to consider the coexistence in adjacent bands with Terrestrial Networks (TNs). This paper will further explain the most challenging and the main surprising outcomes of this work, which opened new market opportunities for both terrestrial and non-terrestrial stakeholders. The main conclusions can be summarized as (1) NTN UE can reuse the current requirements of the TN UE, (2) the satellite connectivity does not require a dedicated satellite waveform, and (3) TN can co-exist with NTN on adjacent channels with relaxed ACIR requirements for the tested simulation scenario.
Very high throughput satellite systems have recently been developed to offer high-speed connectivity, especially in remote areas, planes and ships. The high data rates can be achieved by using a multibeam approach with an aggressive reuse of the available frequency resources. Due to the high number of user beams, the system must support a large aggregated bandwidth. Multiple-gateway architectures are a necessary solution to sustain the immense bandwidth requirements. Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) feeder links have been proposed to address the ground segment design challenges of multiple-gateway architectures. The deployment costs and the link availability performance can in particular benefit from this approach. However, to coordinate the operation of multiple gateways, high precision time and phase synchronization is necessary. In this paper, the effect of time and phase misalignment in NxN MIMO feeder links is studied. The performance limitation due to imperfect time and phase distribution is analyzed. Synchronization via optical fiber is considered in this study. The accuracy of time distribution was verified through laboratory measurements. The impact of the residual timing error on the achievable system bandwidth was assessed. Results showed that several GHz of bandwidth can be supported. On the other hand, a recently proposed phase synchronization approach is considered as a promising candidate for MIMO feeder links. Its phase stability performance is assessed and it is emphasized that requirements in terms of link outage are fulfilled.
Conventional solid-state power amplifier (SSPA) design approach isolates RF design from communication theory. In this paper, a unified SSPA design approach is proposed which optimizes SSPA parameters (bias voltage and input RF signal power) to minimize total DC power consumption while satisfying received SNR constraint specified by the link budget. The effect of SSPA nonlinearity is quantified by the error vector magnitude measured at its output and the corresponding received SNR degradation is analyzed. Using the quantitative metrics for received SNR, it is possible to evaluate highly nonlinear SSPA classes such as Class-B or deep-Class AB which are normally not considered in conventional SSPA design approach to be used in satellite communication applications.
Two subsequent World Radiocommunication Conferences, held in 2015 and 2019, have concluded the frequency allocation in VHF bands for the two-way maritime VHF Data Exchange System (VDES) via terrestrial and satellite radio frequency links respectively. The modernization and digital evolution of maritime communications was initiated in 1990’s by adopting Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) for ship to shore, ship to ship and shore to ship communications for a variety of applications, targeting safety at sea. The frequency allocation for VDES has been a significant step forward towards achieving the same goal by facilitating solutions for enhanced navigation, broadcasting essential information and many other emerging applications.
LEO satellite networks have risen to the forefront of study with the dynamic topology changes, varying service requirements and intermittent inter-satellite links (ISLs). Resource scheduling mechanism is the key to determining communication efficiency. However, the state-of-the-art cannot achieve high resource efficiency under both heavy and burst traffic loads, and the applicability of parameters design is insufficient under intermittent ISLs. Considering this, we propose a dynamic even distribution mechanism combined with network coding DENC. This novel mechanism obtains the service requirements and allocates resources dynamically through the even distribution algorithm to balance between network maintenance overhead and idle resources waste, and improves the success probability of transmission based on network coding to balance between retransmission and redundancy. In this paper, we establish performance analysis and resource efficiency optimization models to optimize the parameters such as maintenance frequency and coding coefficient. Besides, we construct a system-level simulation platform. Mathematical and simulation results indicate that the DENC performs better than SAHN-MAC, ICSMA, CSMA-TDMA and HTM under dynamic service requirements and intermittent ISLs, and the resource efficiency can be improved by about 130%.