The study of vernacular architecture explores the characteristics of domestic buildings in particular regions or localities, and the many social and cultural factors that have contributed to their evolution. The aim of this report is to analyze the Vernacular and Sensitive Architecture, describing examples of Vernacular architecture in both the assigned locations and analyzing, following the Watson &Labs matrix, the opportune design strategies that can be used in order to minimize the Energy Needs.
ABSTRACTArchitectural technology is related to materials and construction. Consequently, more attention should be focused on the question of “where to build and how to build”, in order to design a building which is better integrated in the surrounding environment. In fact, a close relationship between architecture and location is obvious, related not only to local characteristics, but also to the climate adaptation of the building. That’s why nowadays an increasing focus is on vernacular architecture.Nowadays it can be also useful to apply the knowledge of vernacular architecture and the climatic data analysis in order to develop the climatic design of buildings, using passive techniques applied differently according to each climate. The focus is on building design, but urban climate is also considered. Ways to gain more knowledge are presented and illustrated with case studies.At the end, two real case studies of climate responsive buildings will be analysed in depth; in particular, they have been selected as close as possible to the assigned locations, in fact one is in the Pacific North-West, near Alaska, and the other one is in Malaysia.INTRODUCTIONIn this paper two different climatic locations will be analysed deephly: Nome, in Alaska, and Nadi, in the archipelago of Fiji Islands. First of all, it's useful to identify exactly their geographic position in the world, as in Fig. 1.
The main objective of this Report is to combine and observe the weather data (temperature, humidity, Radiation, etc.) of Palermo (ITA) and Tashkent (UZB). The study is made of: Retrieving data from energyplus.net, Data extraction and merging of data into Excel, Data editing in tabular form, Drawing and Combining Graphs, Collection of examples of Vernacular Architectures In this study we used the weather files consisting of parameter describing the weather, with a temporal resolution of at least one hour. It consisted of 8760 rows for every hour of the year, and a number of columns with parameters describing the weather.
Case study: Coimbra and Ulaanbataar The aim of this analysis is to understand how the climate influences the design choices, starting from the very first examples of architecture that have been built. The two very different climates of Coimbra (Portugal) and Ulaanbataar (Mongolia) will be deeply analyzed in this paper. Coimbra is characterized by a temperate Mediterranean climate with a maximum delta Temperature of about 35°C and temperatures that never go below 0°C during all the year. During winter the temperatures are often very close to 1.2°C and the maximum temperature reached in the hottest month is 36°C, as a consequence the passive strategies to be used are intended to minimize the energy needs for heating in winter seasons and the lower, but still present,cooling need during summer. Ulaanbataar is characterized by a cool and humid continental climate consisting in a very rigid winter, with Temperatures that reaches -30°C, and a short lukemwarm summer. For this reason the buildings located there have high energy need in winter, while there is no cooling need in summer. Thus, the attention will be focused on the passive strategies to minimize the energy needs for heating. Geographical localization
Analysis of the vernacular Architecture in Arkhangelsk and in HurghadaIntroductionIn this article we are going to present the vernicular architecture concept through two very different climates : Arkhangelsk (Russia) and Hurghada (Egypt)First, some results from a climatic analysis in these two locations can be useful in order to have a better understanding of the climates taken into account. Arkhangelsk Arkhangelsk is a city in the north of Russia, with a very cold climate.
The purest definition of vernacular architecture is simple, it is the architecture without architects...it is the pure response to a particular person's or society's building needs. If fulfils the needs because it is crafted by the individual and society it is in. In addition the building methods are tested through trial-and-error by the society of which they are built until their building methods near perfection (over time) and are tailored to the climatic, aesthetic, functional, and sociological needs of their given society. Becouse the person constructing the structure will be perfectly tailored to that individual's particular wants and needs [definition of Khyati Vasani for Vernacular Architecture publication 2012]Starting from the above definition of the so called "Vernacular Architectiure" which can be easily associated with what is traditional and popular and in the pure sense "natural" , the following work represent a way to investigate the application of the ideas below this kind of architecture that affect the thermal response of buildings, starting fromt he past in order to understand how to apply the "ancient" strategies to the present and the future.
Its pragmatism and rationality, vernacular housing presents the elegance worth rediscovering and reintegrating into our present building practices. Some lessons can be learnt from the old architecture: the powerful reserve of the smart use of the assets they are, the lean, vernacular techniques are also less expensive technologies compared to the modern day high-tech appliances and systems. This paper is research into the vernacular architecture of South Africa and the Phillipines, each with their own conditions, yet both deeply striking with a conscious adaptation of the human being to a given environment.
Introduction Vernacular architecture is identified as an architectural trend in the 1960s. it is characterized by references to local timeless architecture tradition. The search for an architectural language of expression bound with historical, regional tradition can be observed on four main planes of interpretation: cultural, formal, of landscape and detiling. The aim of research done by the authors is to define the relation between the function of a building and the planes of interpretation dominating in their works. The tradition of european architectural education in the 1950s and 1960s was based upon universal solutions of an international style. Architects educated then seldom looked at native folk architecture whose guidelines on how, where and why to build resulted from wisdom transferred from generation to generation Among its users, craftsman and masters. As only they were involved in the process of construction, we may speak og architecture without an architect.
1. IntroductionSome would simply define vernacular architecture as ‘architecture without architects’. American architect Frank Lloyd Wright defined vernacular architecture as ‘folk building growing in response to actual needs, fitted into the environment by people who knew no better than to fit them with native feeling’.Characteristics of vernacular architecture are as below:· Use of traditional or locally available construction skills· Use of simple technology and commonly available materials· New structure with old techniques’ as experiment and innovation are costlier than repetition· Evolved slowly through numerous experimental trials and errors instead of specifically designed by a professional· Functionalistic and simple design which fulfils basic needs of the people· Born of people’s needs, culture, tradition and adapted to local climate
Chapter 1 A brief introduction:Vernacular architecture is a concept that really inclusive: everything that is built with local materials by and by someone that’s not a professional can be considered vernacular architecture; for this reason there is a continuity non always well defined among these buildings, because there is no code but only tradition to sustain the shape and the technology. The common line among these examples is that the approach is almost always bioclimatic, the evolution of shapes and technology goes towards the thermal comfort for the users, also there is the strong element of tradition, because architecture learns always from the past examples. The architectural regionalism can be really inspiring for the professional because it’s the natural answer to the climate and concept like surface/volume ratio, thermal inertia, dispersant surfaces, ventilation, cooling by evaporation and shading systems are used since thousands of years. Punta Arenas:
Since ancient times, architecture has always been the main mean for men to survive and adapt their life to different environmental conditions and different places all around the world. Architecture, in fact, is described as the process of planning, designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures. Obviously the climatic differences of different parts of the world brought to very different buildings in terms of shapes and materials, that are used in several combinations with the aim of reaching comfort conditions for human beings. This way in which architectural types of a specific place reflect local traditions is described by the term 'Vernacular architecture' that, as we will see later on during the paper, is a way in which native people tried during centuries to achieve local needs by the use of local resources.During this paper we will start analyzing the climate of our locations (Semipalatinsk and Colombo) and some examples of their Vernacular architecture; then, we will see some modern design strategies that can be applied in those situations and finally some examples of Climate Responsive Architecture spread around the world.