Analysis of Energy Transfer among Background Flow, Gravity Waves and
Turbulence in the mesopause region in the process of Gravity Wave
Breaking from a High-resolution Atmospheric Model
We conducted an analysis of the process of GW breaking from an energy
perspective using the output from a high-resolution compressible
atmospheric model. The investigation focused on the energy conversion
and transfer that occur during the GW breaking. The total change in
kinetic energy and the amount of energy converted to internal energy and
potential energy within a selected region were calculated.
Prior to GW breaking, part of the potential energy is converted into
kinetic energy, most of which is transported out of the chosen region.
After the GW breaks and turbulence develops, part of the potential
energy is converted into kinetic energy, most of which is converted into
The calculations for the transfer of kinetic energy among GWs,
turbulence, and the BG in a selected region, as well as the
contributions from various interactions (BG-GW, BG-turbulence, and
GW-turbulence), are performed. At the point where the GW breaks,
turbulence is generated. As the GW breaking process proceeds, the GWs
lose energy to the background. At the start of the GW breaking,
turbulence receives energy through interactions between GWs and
turbulence, and between the BG and turbulence. Once the turbulence has
accumulated enough energy, it begins to absorb energy from the
background while losing energy to the GWs.
The probabilities of instability are calculated during various stages of
the GW-breaking process. The simulation suggests that the propagation of
GWs results in instabilities, which are responsible for the GW breaking.
As turbulence grows, it reduces convective instability.