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  • Majani Edward,
  • Atuoha Ernest,
  • Tsikata Yao Christopher,
  • Clyde Moono Hakayuwa,
  • Aesha L.E Enairat,
  • Roaa Omer Mohamed Suliman
Majani Edward
St Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Atuoha Ernest
University of Nigeria - Enugu Campus
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Tsikata Yao Christopher
University of Ghana West African Centre for Cell Biology of Infectious Pathogens
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Clyde Moono Hakayuwa
University of Zambia Department of Public Health
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Aesha L.E Enairat
Medical Imaging Technology AI- Quds University
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Roaa Omer Mohamed Suliman
Sudan International University Faculty of Medicine
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Timely diagnosis of PID is crucial for effective management, and leveraging ultrasound can enhance this process. Acute PID presents diagnostic challenges due to its variable symptoms, which can be subtle or nonspecific, and may even be asymptomatic. These factors often lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment, contributing to inflammatory complications in the upper genital tract. While laparoscopy offers a more precise diagnosis, its limited availability and inability to detect all forms of PID make it less practical for timely management. However, Transvaginal sonography (TVS) can be a valuable tool in this regard, offering a non-invasive and accessible method for evaluating pelvic inflammatory changes. By utilizing ultrasound alongside clinical assessment, healthcare providers can improve the timeliness of PID diagnosis, leading to more effective management and reduced risk of complications.