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Chromosome-level genome assembly of the medicinal insect Blaps rhynchopetera (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) using Nanopore and Hi-C technologies
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  • zhang wei,
  • Li Yue ,
  • Wang Qi,
  • Yu Qun ,
  • Ma Yuchen,
  • Huang Lei,
  • Zhang Chenggui,
  • Yang Zizhong,
  • Wang Jiapeng ,
  • Xiao Huai
Zhang Chenggui
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Yang Zizhong
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Wang Jiapeng
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Xiao Huai

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Abstract

The Blaps rhynchopetera Fairmaire is a significant medicinal resource in southwestern China. We utilized Nanopore and Hi-C technologies in combination to generate a high-quality, chromosome-level assembly of the B. rhynchopetera genome and described its genetic features. Gene surveys revealed that B. rhynchopetera is a highly heterozygous species. The assembled genome was 379.24 Mb in size, of which 96.03% was assigned to 20 pseudochromosomes. A total of 212.93 Mb of repeat sequences were annotated and 26,824 protein-coding genes were identified. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the divergence of the ancestors of B. rhynchopetera and its closely related species Tenebrio molitor at about 85.6 mya. The co-linearity analysis showed that some chromosomes of B. rhynchopetera may have happen fission events and it has a good synteny relationship with Tribolium castaneum. Furthermore, in GO and KEGG enrichment analyses, the gene families related to detoxification and immunity of B. rhynchopetera facilitated the understanding its environmental adaptations, which will provide research references for the prevention of some pests and the protection of beneficial insects. This high-quality reference genome will also contribute to the conservation of insect species diversity and genetic resources.