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Fe2+ partitioning in Al-free pyrolite: consequences for seismic velocities and heterogeneities
  • Jingyi Zhuang,
  • Renata Wentzcovitch
Jingyi Zhuang
Columbia University
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Renata Wentzcovitch
Columbia University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Iron partitioning among the main lower mantle phases, bridgmanite (Bm) and ferropericlase (Fp), has non-monotonic behavior owing to the high-spin to low-spin crossover in ferrous iron (Fe2+) in Fp. Results of previous studies of the iron partitioning coefficient between these phases, KD, still have considerable uncertainty. Here, we investigate the Fe2+ partitioning behavior using well-documented ab initio free energy results plus new updates. Although we focus on Fe2+ only, we describe the effect of this iron spin crossover (ISC) on KD and of the latter on compositions and seismic velocities in a pyrolitic aggregate. Our results suggest that its velocities are mainly affected by the ISC and less so by the Fe2+ partitioning. In contrast, iron partitioning manifests in thermally induced velocity heterogeneity ratios. Prediction of the seismological parameter RS/P (∂lnVS/∂lnVP) including iron partitioning effects resembles quantitatively RS/P’s inferred from several tomographic studies down to 2,400 km depth.