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Physicochemical and Sensory Evaluation of Lemon Grass Leaves extracts Enriched Soy Yoghurt from Soybeans (Glycine Max) Milk
  • Nyiranshuti Angelique,
  • Kipkorir Koskei,
  • Marguerite Niyibituronsa
Nyiranshuti Angelique
Dedan Kimathi University of Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Kipkorir Koskei
Dedan Kimathi University of Technology
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Marguerite Niyibituronsa
Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources
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Abstract

There are challenges in the utilization of soybean-based foods due to undesirable flavors associated to the Lipoxygenase and trypsin inhibitors causing oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (Linoleic Acid and alpha linolenic) in soybean. This study aimed to prepare soybean based yoghurt with different amounts of lemon grass essential oil in the ratios of 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 µl per litter of soy yoghurt. The different treatments of Soybeans based yoghurt analyzed for protein by Kjedhal method, fats by Soxhlet method, total ash by muffle furnace method, crude fiber by dry oven method, pH, titratable acidity, syneresis and viscosity, by AOAC method, total phenolic compounds by spectrophotometric method and sensory analysis by effective tests with 10 panelists using five hedonic scale tools. The results ranges for Moisture content,%(89.3-89.6%); Protein,%(5.5-6.8%); Fat,%(2.7-3.6% ); Total Ash%(0.43-0.53 %); Crude Fiber,%(0.06-0.33 %) and Carbohydrate,%(0.59-0.93 %). Physiochemical properties which included; PH (4.30-5.59); Viscosity, (2.85-3.17 Pa.s); Titratable acidity, (0.01-0.07 g\l) and Synersis (6.44-7.56) and Total Phenolic compound (8.59-18.40 mg/g). The level of pH showed a significant variation between the treatments while titratable acidity, syneresis and viscosity did not show any significant variations. Total phenolic compounds also varied significantly between some treatments. Sensory evaluation showed that the treatment (100 µl) with highest level of lemon grass essential oil per liter of soy yoghurt was the most liked. In conclusion, incorporation of lemon grass essential improved the level of phenolic compounds and sensory properties of yoghurt. More studies need to be carried out on the effects of lemon grass extract on the microbial status of the enriched soy yogurt.
31 Jan 2024Submitted to Applied Research
31 Jan 2024Assigned to Editor
31 Jan 2024Submission Checks Completed
05 Feb 2024Reviewer(s) Assigned
13 Feb 2024Editorial Decision: Revise Minor