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Mössbauer study of iron oxide nanoparticles
  • C. Sarafidis,
  • C. Karra
C. Sarafidis
Aristoteleio Panepistemio Thessalonikes Tmema Physikes

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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C. Karra
Aristoteleio Panepistemio Thessalonikes Tmema Physikes
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Magnetic nanoparticles have recently attracted attention for biochemical and medical applications like drug delivery and hyperthermia for a variety of reasons with most important being their stability, chemical compatibility, and suitable magnetic properties like moderate specific mass magnetization. Cobalt ferrites are a well-studied family of materials and the partial substitution of Fe 3+ cations by rare earth (RE) ones may be used to tune the magnetic properties. In the present work pure and substituted Co ferrite nanoparticles with nominal stoichiometry CoFe 2-xR xO 4 (R = Yb, Gd; x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.3) synthesized by the co-precipitation method are studied with 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy in order to determine the incorporation of RE ions in the spinel lattice. The fitting procedure was based on the standard spinel model using two sextets for the octahedral and the tetrahedral coordinated positions of Fe atoms. All isomer shift values were found within the typical range of high spin ferric ions while quadrupole splitting values strongly suggest that there is a substitution preference; RE ions replace iron ones in octahedral sites. The inversion parameter was found to decrease with RE content (lowest value about 0.534 for CoFe 1.90Yb 0.10O 4) and thermal treatment always results in changing the material towards normal spinel, while pure CoFe 2O 4 was inverse. Thermal treatment of substituted materials in ambient air at temperature range 1500-1700 K for 12 hours increase crystallite size and changes the degree of inversion.
29 Jan 2024Submitted to Applied Research
29 Jan 2024Assigned to Editor
29 Jan 2024Submission Checks Completed
31 Jan 2024Reviewer(s) Assigned
25 Feb 2024Editorial Decision: Revise Minor