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Crying wolf with the 2023 El Niño
  • +2
  • Gian Luca Eusebi Borzelli,
  • Eusebi Borzelli,
  • Sandro Carniel,
  • Cosimo Enrico Carniel,
  • Aniello Russo
Gian Luca Eusebi Borzelli
NATO STO-CMRE-Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Eusebi Borzelli
Center for Remote Sensing of the Earth (CERSE), NATO STO-CMRE-Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation
Sandro Carniel
NATO STO-CMRE-Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation
Cosimo Enrico Carniel
ETH Zurich
Aniello Russo
NATO STO-CMRE-Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation

Abstract

Key points: 1) In 2023, the temperature of the global ocean was higher than usual, explaining the excess temperature in the eastern tropical Pacific. 2) An announced El Niño event, predicted to be at least moderate, took place in 2023-24, but turned out to be weak. 3) The climate state of the tropical Pacific suggests that a strong or stronger El Niño peaking in the second half of 2024 is likely to occur.