Application of nanotechnology in different aspects of the food industry
AbstractNanotechnology is a novel and promising technology that has been
introduced into many fields, including medicine, agriculture, and the
food industry. For the food industry, nanotechnology is of great
interest as an emerging technology in the area of food processing,
safety, and packaging. For example, nanotechnology can be used in food
processing to enhance the overall quality of food including, taste,
flavor, bioavailability, and can also help to extend product shelf life.
With regard to food safety, nanotechnology is utilized to detect
pathogens and toxins in food products and to strengthen barrier
properties. Additionally, nanotechnology is widely used in food
packaging as an antimicrobial and to produce intelligent packaging.
However, nanoparticles may have a potential toxicity risk to human
health. Therefore, establishing an adequate regulatory system to manage
the potential risks associated with nanotechnology applications is
recommended. This review covered nanotechnology in food safety and
packaging, classifications, and safety concerns.