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Resveratrol alleviated 5-FU-induced cardiotoxicity by attenuating GPX4 dependent ferroptosis
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  • xiaoyan zhao,
  • dongning li,
  • chengzhu song,
  • Jie Zhang
xiaoyan zhao
Southwest University

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dongning li
Southwest University
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chengzhu song
Southwest University
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Jie Zhang
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
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Abstract

Purpose: The clinical use of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a potent antitumor agent, was limited by severe cardiotoxic effects. The present study was aimed to investigate the protective effects of resveratrol (Res) on 5-FU-induced cardiotoxicity and to explore its potential mechanisms. Methods: The cardiotoxicity model was intraperitoneal injection of 5-FU at the dose of 30 mg/kg for 7 consecutive days. Plasma enzymes activities, cardiac tissues were assessed after treatment with Res for 3 weeks. Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) was used as ferroptosis inhibitor. In H9c2 cardiomyocyte cells, cell viability, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial activity and cellular Fe2+ levels were measured. Western-blot assay was performed to evaluate the protein level of ferroptosis in vitro and in vivo. Results: In the mouse model, Res reduced 5-FU-induced cardiomyocyte injury (ferroptosis, myofibrillar loss and vacuolization). In addition, increased serum creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malonaldehyde (MDA) and Fe2+ activity and decreased activities of glutathione (GSH) were observed in 5-FU group. These changes were prevented by treatment with Res. In H9c2 cardiomyocyte cells, Res increased the cell viability and attenuated cell ferroptosis as measured by DCFH-DA, TMRE, Calcein AM staining. In addition, 5-FU induced a reduction in GPX4, FTH1, Nrf2 and NQO1 and activation of TfR and P53 compared with the control group. However, Res treatment effectively inhibited these changes in ferroptosis associated proteins in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: Res possessed the cardioprotective potential against 5-FU induced cardiotoxicity. Moreover, Res attenuates 5-FU-induced cardiotoxicity via inhibiting GPX4 dependent ferroptosis.