loading page

Clinical evidence and risk factors for reproductive disorders caused by bacterial infections in meat goats, north-eastern Thailand
  • Sarinya Rerkyusuke,
  • Sawarin Lerk-u-suke,
  • Anucha Sirimalaisuwan
Sarinya Rerkyusuke
Division of Livestock Medicine Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Khon Kaen University Khon Kaen 40002 Thailand

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Sawarin Lerk-u-suke
University of Phayao
Author Profile
Anucha Sirimalaisuwan
Chiang Mai University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Author Profile

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify risk factors related to reproductive disorders caused by bacterial infections in goats in north-eastern Thailand. Two hundred and twenty farms were investigated, and 49 herds were found to have clinical reproductive disorders. Moreover, 96% (47/49) of herds showing clinical reproductive failure preferred to circulate bucks between herds. A total of 118 sera, including 85 clinical reproductive disorders cases such as abortion (n=70), abortion with arthritis (n=1), orchitis (n=3), repeat breeder (n=6), sterile (n=1) and weak kids (n=4) and 33 bucks’ circulation were serologically tested for bacterial infections caused by Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydophila abortus and Brucella spp. Results showed 69% (81/118 cases) were seropositive for Q fever (n=55; 46.61%), brucellosis (n=8; 6.78) and chlamydiosis (n=18; 15.25%), respectively; 82% of herds (40/49 herds) were infected with at least one of those diseases. Moreover, 40% of infected herds (16/40) had co-infection between three of those diseases. Approximately 60% (20/33) of buck circulation showed seropositivity to at least one of the diseases, and 85% of infected bucks were seropositive for Q fever (17/20). Buck circulation between herds is a risk factor for diseases on farms ( p=0.001); odds ratio [OR] = 109.29; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.61–1,807.38). Moreover, the annual brucellosis test is a protective factor against reproductive failure cases on farms ( p=0.022; OR = 0.45; 95% CI = 0.23–0.89). Reproductive disorder cases can be caused by sexual transmission, so buck circulation can yield Q fever, brucellosis and chlamydiosis in communities. This investigation is the first report of chlamydiosis infection in our area. Concerning Q fever, chlamydiosis and brucellosis are zoonotic diseases that impact animal health and production losses. Control and prevention measures related to risk factors together with active surveillance programs should be incorporated into client education.