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The origin and molecular characterization of the BEF virus causing the small-scale epidemic in Western Turkey
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  • Kemal PEKMEZ,
  • Murat KAPLAN,
  • Abdurrahman Anıl ÇAĞIRGAN,
  • Fatih ARSLAN
Kemal PEKMEZ
Virology Deparment of Izmir/Bornova Veterinary Control Institute

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Murat KAPLAN
Virology Deparment of Izmir/Bornova Veterinary Control Institute
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Abdurrahman Anıl ÇAĞIRGAN
Virology Deparment of Izmir/Bornova Veterinary Control Institute
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Fatih ARSLAN
Virology Deparment of Izmir/Bornova Veterinary Control Institute
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Abstract

Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) disease caused by bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV), also known as three-day fever or three-day disease, is an arthropod-borne viral disease of buffalo and domestic cattle. In November 2020, the first possible outbreaks of BEF were reported from two different locations of the Aegean region in Turkey. This study identified the causative agent through molecular characterization as BEFV and subsequently performed sequencing of the viral glycoprotein (G) gene. Phylogenetic analysis of the G-gene region classified the newly described BEFVs within the Middle East lineage. Based on these observations it is plausible that animal movements from other regions were involved in spreading the virus to the Aegean area.