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On Perfect Hypercomplex Algebras
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  • Daizhan Cheng,
  • Zhengping Ji,
  • Jun-e Feng,
  • Shihua Fu,
  • Jianli Zhao
Daizhan Cheng
Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Zhengping Ji
Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Jun-e Feng
Shandong University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Shihua Fu
Liaocheng University
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Jianli Zhao
Liaocheng University
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Abstract

The set of associative and commutative hypercomplex numbers, called the perfect hypercomplex algebras (PHAs) is investigated. Necessary and sufficient conditions for an algebra to be a PHA via semi-tensor product (STP) of matrices are reviewed. The zero sets are defined for non-invertible hypercomplex numbers in a given PHA, and characteristic functions are proposed for calculating zero sets. Then PHA of various dimensions are considered. First, classification of 2-dimensional PHAs are investigated. Second, all the 3-dimensional PHAs are obtained and the corresponding zero sets are calculated. Finally, 4- and higher dimensional PHAs are also considered.