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Power of play therapy: Does Play Therapy Have an Effect on Pain in Peripheral Venous Catheterization Applied to Children?
  • Halime Yıldız,
  • Gülçin Avşar
Halime Yıldız
Gaziantep University
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Gülçin Avşar
Ataturk Universitesi

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Background: This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental study to determine the effect of play therapy on pain in peripheral venous catheterization applied to children. Method: The universe of the study consisted of patients between the ages of 3-6 who were hospitalized in the pediatric service of a hospital between June 2019 and August 2019. In the study, 57 patients constituted the sample size by using simple random sampling method and by performing power analysis. While those who participated in the first peripheral venous catheterization procedure constituted the control group, those who participated in the second peripheral venous catheterization process constituted the experimental group. Results: In the peripheral venous catheterization applied to the patients, a significant difference was found between the test results of the control group and the experimental group Wong-Baker and Flacc Pain Scales. (p <0.001). It was determined that the experimental group Wong-Baker and Flacc Pain Scale scores of the patients were lower than the scores of the control group Wong-Baker and Flacc Pain Scales. In the peripheral venous catheterization applied to the patients, a significant difference was found between the control group and the experimental group Flacc Pain Scale sub-dimension results (p <0.001, p <0.001, p <0.001, p <0.001, p <0.001, respectively). Conclusions: In the study, it was observed that the pain levels of play therapy in peripheral venous catheterization of children were significantly reduced with play therapy.