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Morphological traits among Enset (Ensete ventricosum) landraces and cultural use of the landraces for the livelihood of people in southern Ethiopia
  • Newarinesh Feleke,
  • Wondimagegnehu Tekalign
Newarinesh Feleke
Wolaita Sodo University
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Wondimagegnehu Tekalign
Wolaita Sodo University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

This study was undertaken on the morphological traits among the Enset (Ensete ventricosum) landraces and cultural use of the landraces for the livelihood of people in southern Ethiopia. The study was carried out in purposively selected four kebeles of the Mareka district. A total of 145 individuals were interviewed using semi-structured interviews, and field observation has also occurred. The morphological traits were measured according to International Board for Plant Genetic Resources descriptors for Enset. The data were analyzed using SPSS v 16.0 computer software and Excel 2010 spreadsheet. A total of 33 Enset landraces were identified. Identified landraces were grouped into five clusters based on their morphological trait variability. Cluster number five had the highest and cluster number three had the lowest mean. The highest landrace richness was recorded from Ocha (3.18) while the lowest was from Guta (2.56). The most abundant landraces were Amiya, Hoeya, Boza, Yaka, Bothena, Ontha, Adinona, Shasha, and Keteriya in the Mareka district. This study confirmed that the Dawro zone is rich in diversity of Enset, however, reduction in production and loss of some landraces was observed because. Therefore, attention must be given to the conservation and maintenances of Enset landraces by all the concerned bodies.